|其它题名: ||The analysis of practical strategies in Mūlamadhyamakakārikā and Laozi|
|作者: ||高子嬿;慧意康;Kao, Zi-Yang;Hui, Yi-Kang|
高柏園;蔡耀明;Gao, Bo-Yuan;Cai, Yao-Ming
|关键词: ||中論;老子;實踐;因果;動機;聖人;Mūlamadhyamakakārikā;Laozi;practice;cause and effect;motive;sage|
|上传时间: ||2016-01-22 14:59:36 (UTC+8)|
This study is based on Mūlamadhyamakakārikā and Laozi, analyzing by cause and effect logic principles, and emphasizing the change of initial concept of value. By these ways, expecting to summarize the possibilities of practice, what are the best practical ways and the principles of practice described in both books, and sum up the essentials at last.
In the first chapter, introduction, the focus is about the concept of cause and effect. There are three properties, which are three different levels of understanding, including of cumulative, forming, and without the limitation of time and space. There are three different levels of understanding which are jump causal concept, the concept limited by "name", tends "not arising(不生)" of the concept. This concept has two major points in this article: first, for the interpretation of the text, the different levels of understanding of the concept of cause and effect between the author and interpreter is one of the important reasons unite different interpretations of results, especially the latter’s level of understanding. Second, given after the first point, if unable to have the full of understanding and interpretation of the text, then the possible of practice the concept to be impractical. Therefore, the level of understanding about the concept of cause and effect is the important key point. For the changing of value, this paper reviewed the results of well-known researches, modern western philosophy hermeneutics and concepts described herein and in particular stressed the causal logic of the subject (especially the three properties showed in the front paragraph). In conclusion, for practicing the theory of the text, one should start with changing the concept of value, that is one should start with one''s motivation. However, this approach is seldom or never mentioned in other studies. This point is for inspiring those who are eager to pursuit their better futures.
Based on above theories, the four major steps are motivation, order, cultivation of the mind, the essence of mind, respectively. The analysis of practical strategies in the Mūlamadhyamakakārikā commentated by Ching Mu(青目) and Laozi commentated by Wang Bi(王弼) are described in the second and third chapters. Among them, the theory of Mūlamadhyamakakārikā seems difficult to understand. However, after analyzing in this article, it is practicable if one would change from the standpoint of value. For the paradoxical text of Laozi, it is no longer so mysterious but rational to follow after analyzing with the cultivation of the mind. According to this logical inference, “function of uselessness(無用之用)”, “purification of mind(虛心)”, “nature(自然)”, and so on, with its “the greatful use(大用)”,and the mettle of a sage, are understandable easily. The practical strategies between Mūlamadhyamakakārikā and Laozi are compared in chapter IV. Both of the texts are based on the way to deconstruct stereotypes. In addition, both authors have different understanding of cause and effect. Therefore, these two texts described differently for the levels of saints.
In brief, this article is describing about religion can be rational, rational can be practical, practical can be actual, actual can be possible, possible can be alive, especially, emphasizing on the logic of cause and effect, as well as focusing on three properties. From changing the concept of value and moving forward step by step, the conclusion of this article would be practical. Moreover, the evaluation and analyzing process in daily life should follow the same proposal described in this article. Last but not the least, I wish you the best.