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    Title: 民主化程度與所得不均間的關係 : 以門檻迴歸分析
    Other Titles: Democracy and income inequality : a threshold regression analysis
    Authors: 吳佳穎;Wu, Chia-Ying
    Contributors: 淡江大學經濟學系碩士班
    莊希豐
    Keywords: 民主化程度;所得不均;門檻迴歸;Democracy;Income inequality;Threshold regression
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2016-01-22 14:50:58 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文主要探討民主化程度與所得不均間的關係是否會因所得水準不同而有所差異。運用95個國家,1981年至2013年的橫斷面資料並以門檻迴歸進行分析。

    本文以民主規模-獨裁規模的差 (Democracy) 做為衡量民主化程度的指標,以吉尼 (Gini) 係數的成長率作為衡量所得不均的指標,以所得水準為門檻變數。結果發現在低所得的國家,民主化程度與所得不均間存在負向且顯著的關係,說明在低所得的國家中民主化程度上升是可以減緩所得不均;而在中高所得國家與高所得國家,民主化程度與所得不均間存在正向且顯著的關係,說明在中高所得國家與高所得國家民主化程度提高反而會使所得不均的情況更為惡化。
    This paper tries to investigate the threshold effects of democracy on income inequality. Specifically, we use Hansen’s (2000) threshold regression model to examine the democracy- inequality links varies with the degree of country’s income level. By applying the model to 95 countries during the period 1981-2013, we find that there indeed exists an income threshold in the democracy- inequality link.
    The empirical results show that low-income countries have a negative and significant relationship between the democracy and income inequality. However, the relation is positive and significant in the middle-income countries and high-income countries. It indicates that the increasing in the degree of democratization would reduce income inequality in low-income countries, but increase income inequality in the middle-income countries and high-income countries.
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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