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    Title: 應用GARCH-EVT-Copula模型於外匯投資組合風險值之評估
    Other Titles: Applied GARCH-EVT-Copula model to estimate the VaR of exchange portfolio
    Authors: 賴政宏;Lai, Cheng-Hung
    Contributors: 淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班
    李沃牆
    Keywords: GARCH;極端值理論;Copula;風險值;GARCH model;Extreme-value Theory;copula function;Value at Risk
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2016-01-22 14:47:09 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究以APEC組織成員國中與台灣貿易頻繁的國家─中國、香港、新加坡、美國、日本、韓國等六國所組成的外匯投資組合為例,且資料區間考量中國第一次匯改政策時點,故取2005年7月21日起至2014年7月21日,共九年之資料;而研究方法本文有別於以往傳統定義報酬率尾部分配為常態的假設,而以GARCH、極端值理論、Copula函數所建立的GARCH-EVT-Copula非線性模型來衡量該投資組合的風險值。實證方面,建立等權重的投資組合,並且比較傳統VAR-COV模型與靜態、動態的GARCH-EVT-Copula模型所估算投資組合的風險值,再以回溯測試及LR檢定尋找最適模型;本文資料區間橫跨金融海嘯的極端事件,然實證結果顯示,靜態GARCH-EVT- Frank Copula模型所估算的風險值可有效應用於本文外匯投資組合之避險,無論是否發生極端事件,都能有效達到該投資組合避險的效果,可供台灣出口商作為避險之依據。
    The work focuses on risk management of foreign exchange portfolio and it consists of the nations who often trade internationally with Taiwan. Additionally, those nations are also the member of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, including China, Hong Kung, Singapore, USA, Japan and South Korea. However, the work also consider the date that the government of China changed its exchange rate policy on July 21st in 2005. That’s the reason we decided to accept the data of exchange rate from that day to July 21st in 2014.
    We applied nonlinear static and dynamic GARCH-EVT-Copula model to measure downside risk rather than assumes returns are normally distributed. To compare with the empirical results in our work, we also measure value at risk (VaR) with the variance-covariance method. Subsequently, we use back-testing method and likelihood ratio test to figure out which model could evaluate VaR accurately.
    In consequence, static GARCH-EVT-Frank Copula model is the optimal model for the exchange portfolio in the work. Even extreme events exist during the nine-year period, our optimal model still out performed than the others. We also suggest that exporters or investors in Taiwan could manage the risk of exchange portfolio with our model.
    Appears in Collections:[財務金融學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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