This research aimed to develop a core curriculum guideline for new immigrant education(abbreviated core curriculum guideline) that was suitable from kindergarten to lifelong learning, which also served as the framework for future textbook design for new immigrant education.
The main research method was Delphi technique. Firstly, to develop a questionnaire “Core curriculum guideline” based on literature review of social reconstruction theory, new immigrant education theory, existing Grade 1-9 Curriculum and General Guidelines of twelve-year National Education Curriculum. Eighteen Delphi technique experts were invited to respond three rounds of questionnaire test. Finally, framework was established based on the consensus of 18 experts.
According to the above mentioned goal and method, conclusions could be drawn as follows:
Firstly, the theme axises of core curriculum guidelines were: “awareness with multiple perspevtives,” “ethnic relationship,” “cultural exploration,” and “social justice.”
Secondly, the core concepts of the new curriculum guidelines included:
1. Speaking from “awareness with multiple perspevtives,” it included “transnational phenomenon (marriage, work, and life),” “cultural diversification (cultural heritage and element),” and “ethnic group value and contribution.”
2. “Ethnic relationship” comprised core concepts of “understanding and identification,” “respect and accept,” and “ethnic group care.”
3. “Cultural exploration” contained core concepts of “cultural value,” “cross-cultural learning,” and “cultural literacy.”
4. “Social justice” included core concepts of “prejudice and discrimination/cultural deprivation,” “civic rights (health care, employment and politics, etc).” and “justice and human rights (social welfare, digital divide, hunger, and poverty, etc).”
Thirdly, there were 36 ability indicators for core curriculum guidelines.
Fourthly, the core curriculum guidelines was divided into three stages according to three levels of capability. The content of meaning was corresponded with the approach of multicultural perspective.