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    Title: 婚與不婚 : 論婚姻本質與婚姻未來
    Other Titles: To marry or not to marry : on the essence of marriage and marital futures
    Authors: 廖月伶;Liao, Yueh-Ling
    Contributors: 淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班
    陳建甫
    Keywords: 婚姻本質;契約制婚姻;鐘擺樣態;期限婚姻;同居;單身;離婚;再婚.;pendulum-like state;Single;contract marriages;marital essence;unmarried.
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2016-01-22 14:46:07 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 線性人生製造了許多「成功模型」,使得所有不合「成功模型」規格的人生劇情,都被宣判為失敗。婚姻也依從這種模式,在人生中佔據著極大的版圖,且被認定是必須發生的人生事件。相對於單身的處境,便有了沉重的歷史包袱。然而,網路科技世代的來臨,人生也充滿著意外,使得生命事件不能如預期般直線進行。社會中出現了「單身潮」,其包括了徘徊於婚與不婚的壓力中,對於婚姻的懷疑與抗拒,以及不婚、晚婚或同居人口的上升,這種拉鋸現象,從「未來三角」中可看出,婚姻在過去、現在與未來中所產生的變化。在EIA的趨勢分析中,也能窺見人類婚姻之未來可能發展。本研究,試圖探索現存婚姻制度與婚姻之社會意義,在因應社會變遷時可能出現何種轉變?
    從歷史演進歷程中,以及東西方對於婚姻的註解定義,體察出婚姻本質係以性與經濟為核心意涵。研究者將經濟因素限定於生育子女與老年照護議題,以便於研究操作。因二者與家庭經濟程度發生緊密關聯,婚姻生活也深受其影響。研究者提出幾個社會現象,來說明婚姻本質中的性與經濟,在面對網路新世紀時,許多家庭功能與角色倍受挑戰與質疑。如果婚姻功能逐一被取代,那麼婚姻的剩餘價值又會是甚麼?諸多社會事實浮上檯面,迫使人們必須重新思考婚姻的本質意涵,並為婚姻尋得一個受肯定的價值。
    本研究的文本取樣,依據「婚與不婚」、「婚姻家庭衝突」、「親子關係」與「老年照護」作為選用指標。範圍含括:具婚姻相關之影片、電視訪談節目與社會案例。個案以台灣和中國大陸地區為主,發生時間約在距今五年以內。研究設計與方法,初以文本敘說分析、劇情描繪為主。透過關注、訴說、轉錄、分析、閱讀的經驗再次呈現之五個層級,接續進行劇情改編與分析,終以論述分析整理出結論並提出觀點。
    同時,研究者提出一個替代性的「契約制婚姻」,嘗試操作「未來輪」以進行初步評估。草擬一份「契約制婚姻」條款,並據此操作模擬情境與劇情描繪。借助文本敘說做進一步的論述分析,並探討情意因素之於婚姻本質的重要影響力。最後,研究者說明「契約制婚姻」的優勢特點,以及提出「鐘擺樣態」觀點,做為檢測婚姻之幸福感程度的參考指標。
    Linear life made many "successful model" so that all substandard "successful model" specification life story, have been sentenced as a failure. Marriage also comply with this model, it occupies a great footprint in life, and was identified as life events must take place. The situation with respect to the single, will have a heavy historical burden. However, the advent of Internet technology generations, life is full of surprises, so that life events can’t be a straight line as expected. Society appeared "single boom", which includes marriage and non-marriage hovering at a pressure, for suspicion and resistance of marriage, and not marriage, late marriage or cohabitation of the population rises. This study attempts to explore the social significance of the existing institution of marriage and marriage, what change may occur in response to social change?
    From the historical evolution process, as well as East and West for the definition of marriage notes, understand the nature of marriage and sex-based economy as the core meaning. Researchers will be limited to economic factors childbearing and elderly care issues, in order to study the operation. Both because of the extent of the occurrence of closely related families, marriage also by its impact. Several researchers have proposed a social phenomenon, to explain the nature of marriage and economy in the face of the Internet in the new century, a lot of family functions and roles much challenge and question. If the marriage function is substituted by one, the remaining value of marriage what will be? Many of the social facts surfaced, forcing people to rethink the nature of meaning of marriage, find a marriage by a positive value.
    At the same time, researchers have proposed an alternative of "contract marriages". With the narrative text for further discussion of the analysis, and to explore the factors of affection in the nature of marriage is an important influence. Finally, the researchers explain "contract marriages" advantage of the characteristics of, and to propose "pendulum-like state" point of view, as the extent of being happy marriage detection reference index.
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