In the traditional teaching environment, students received more one-way information from their teachers and they had less opportunities of two-way interactions. In addition, mathematics learning emphasized on the memories of factual knowledge. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to probe into the influence of the junior high school students’ mathematics learning effects and attitudes with the Flipped classroom.
This research design used the two-cycle model of action research to improve instructional programs. The subjects were 26 seventh grade students taught by the researcher in junior high school in Taipei, learning One-variable Linear Equation. The researcher collected and analyzed the information about the instructional design with the Flipped classroom, the learning platform of Junyi Academy, the assessment of the students’ learning achievements, the scale of the students’ learning attitude and the qualitative teaching record to get the points about the learning process with the Flipped classroom, the influence of the students’ learning effect and attitude and teaching reflection.
The research indicates that self-learning makes students not only master their own learning steps, but also get learning achievements, and thus they would like to learn mathematics more positive than before. Extensive practice of class activities and problem solution makes the students have deeper understanding and extensive application of math learning to accomplish learning transference. Teaching activities with learner-centered aims and emphasizing the interaction between the teacher and students can lead students to think and then promote students’ learning level.
Therefore, teaching with the Flipped classroom can effectively promote junior high school students’ math learning effects and make the dimension of learning habits of math-learning attitude scale achieve significantly different on the statics, particularly for underachievers in math . However, the dimensions of learning motivation, self-awareness, learning methods, learning plans and learning process were not significantly different on the statics, but the average of the five dimensions is upgraded.
In the Flipped classroom, students’ effective self-learning using Junyi Academy before class replaces the general handwriting exercises after class. This can not only lighten students burden of learning math but also teach them a way to learn by themselves, which promote education quality at the same time. The Flipped Classroom can give consideration to the differences between students’ learning effectiveness, so that passive learners can also participate in classroom activities. It can make students more successful. According to the finding and conclusion of the research, some suggestions are proposed to be the reference for the future researchers and the junior high school math teachers.