This study aims mainly, via adopting the methods of interview, case studies, and literature review, to explore the recruitment policies of initial teacher training program for high schools teachers and the corresponding strategies in universities of Taiwan.
A self designed interview schedule was used as the tool of this study. Six universities (3 public and 3 private) were chosen as the case study samples of this study. In each university, at least 2 academic faculties, one director and one senior faculty, who has had at least 3 years’ teaching experiences in their teacher training centers or department, were interviewed, e.g., the total number of interviewees of this study was 16.
The main purposes of this study include:
1.To review the recent development and reform of initial teacher training policies in Taiwan.
2.To review the development and policies of initial teacher training policies and their systems of student recruitment in other major countries.
3.To analyze the enrollment and current situation of recruitment of students for initial teacher training in Taiwan.
4. To explore the methods of recruitment of students for initial teacher training in six selected universities for the case study.
5. To analyze the difficulties or problems faced by these six universities while recruiting students for initial teacher training .
6. To understand the corresponding strategies adopted by these six universities.
7. To propose suggestions for the reference of reform of related policies in the future.
The conclusions of this study can be summarized as follows:
1. The policies of initial teacher training in Taiwan has been reformed from focusing on quantitative expansion towards quality improvement.
2. The trend of the move from quantitative expansion towards quality improvement can also been observed in other major countries, and their emphasis has been on the raising standard of recruitment.
3.The number of students for the initial teacher training in each university has been reduced in recent years, by the strict control of the Ministry of Education, in accordance with the demands for school teachers, and the passing rate for the examination of teacher qualification has also been dropped.
4.The methods of recruitment of students for initial teacher training in six selected universities have been considerably diversified.
5.The problems caused by the declining birth rate and the limited vacancies for school teachers are common to all six selected universities, but there are considerable differences in the degree of seriousness of problems between public and private universities.
6.The policy of controlling the number of students for initial teacher training by the Ministry of Education can be understood and accepted by the interviewees, but some interviewees also, at the same time, urged for more flexibility or freedom related to the design of a more diversified curriculum of teacher education...