本研究旨在探究國民小學校長學習領導之現況與具體作法，俾能根據研究結果提供相關建議。本研究選取曾獲得教育部卓越校長領導獎國小組新北市五位國小校長為研究對象，進行半結構式訪談，依據研究結果，本研究歸納結論如下： 一、校長建立學校學習願景目標，必須先瞭解有利學校環境脈絡。 二、校長促進教師學習成長，鼓勵教師持續進修，建立學習社群。 三、校長關注學生學習，透過多元管道媒介，關心學生學習狀況。 四、校長型塑有助於學習文化，首要提升本身專業的修練。 五、校長建立共同承擔績效責任共識，結合學校與個人願景。 六、校長學習領導主要困境為不易轉變組織成員文化。 七、校長學習領導主要先備條件是校長本身學習領導專業知能與持續自我修練。 八、解決校長學習領導困境的策略是傾聽需求與建立溝通平台。 根據上述研究結論，本研究提出若干具體建議，以供國小校長、教育行政機關、校長培育機構及後續研究之參考。 This study aims to investigate how principals lead students in the learning process, and what methods they use for this purpose. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 5 elementary school principals who have received Excellent Principal Awards from the Ministry of Education. The conclusions are as follows: 1.Principals must first understand a school’s environment before establishing goals for improving students’ learning. 2.Principals play a role in facilitating the professional growth of teachers, in encouraging them to pursue further training, and in establishing learning communities. 3.Principals make use of various channels for observing and assessing students’ academic and learning performances. 4.Principals shape the learning cultures of their schools by first expanding their own professional knowledge and expertise. 5.Principals are key in getting faculty members of the school to take joint responsibility for the school’s performance, combining the goals of the individual with those of the school. 6.Major challenges faced by principals include changing the school’s culture and that of the workplace. 7.The pssesed requisiteness in how a principal leads students in learning are their professional knowledge and skills, as well as their continual self-improvement. 8.To resolve these challenges, principals must listen to the needs of the school community and establish a platform for communication. Based on the results mentioned above, this study provides concrete suggestions to elementary school principals, administrative agencies in the field of education, institutions that train principals, and future researchers.