|其他題名: ||A test of the reliability and validity of mental toughness scale for Chinese|
|作者: ||朴世光;Pu, Shih-Kuang|
|關鍵詞: ||華人心理堅韌度;心理堅韌度;心理健康;量表編製;Mental toughness for Chinese;mental toughness;mental health;Scale development|
|上傳時間: ||2016-01-22 14:43:56 (UTC+8)|
Cronbach''s α = .75，皆呈現良好之信度。量表之再測信度達到r = .78，
Mental toughness is one of the important psychological skills. It not only enables individuals to reduce the pressure, but also enhances their quality of life. Reviewing the previous study about this field, it already has mental toughness measurement scales developed in the West. However, the differences between the Eastern world and Western cultures have the effects on shaping the personality traits. In order to understand more about Chinese anti-stress character studies, Dr. Shu-PingLin has developed the Chinese Mental toughness scale by Chinese personality traits.
Therefore, the aim of this research is to test the reliability and validity of the Chinese mental toughness scale, so as to provide reliable Mental toughness scale for Chinese.And to understand the mental toughness distribution in working people and students.
The subject of this study focuses on adults, and this study further divided them into two groups. One is the group of working people, and the other is students. For the group of working people, the study took purposive sampling. There were 303 out of 350 purposive samples returned as valid. For the group of students, the convenience sampling was applied. There were 175 out of 180 samples returned as valid. The instruments applied in this study were the" Mental Toughness Scale for Chinese ", " Perceived Stress Scale", " The General Health Questionnaire", "Core Self-evaluation Scale" and the "Job satisfaction Scale". The dataobtained were analyzed by the statistical software, SPSS, to test the reliability and validity.
The major findings of this study reveal as follows:
1.The results show that working people of the internal consistency reliability coefficients of the Chinese Mental Toughness scale Cronbach''s α = .82, and students of the internal consistency reliability coefficient of the Chinese Mental toughness scale Cronbach''s α = .75. Both of the results represent in a well reliability. Test-retest reliability of the scale of the reach r = .78 also show the stability of the Chinese Mental Toughness scale. The results also reveal a good criterion-related validity.
2.The results of the research reveal that mental toughness of the working people is higher than that of the students.
3.According to occupational categories, the mental toughness of the insurance salesman and sales clerk are higher than the scale of the transporter, logistics personnel, military man and civil servants.
Finally, according to findings of this research, the researcher proposed the specific directions for future researchesand restrictions.The expectation of this study is trying to establish a reliability and validity scale of Mental toughness for Chinese in applying to all kinds of field as an evaluation tool for capability development.