Since the process of expanding the European Union (EU) is speeding up these recent years, the integration of the EU members has become a tough problem. Thus, the EU has realized the language policy should be the first issue to get solved. It is not only to solve the integration issue, but also to lead to greater understanding and solidarity between the peoples of the European Union and to help remove the obstacles in this regard by promoting and learning different languages in accordance with the principles of subsidiarity. France, one member of the EU, is trying to adopt the language policy. However, French has been the only language policy in France for ages. The mono language policy caused of losing the regional languages and cultures in France. In addition, how France balance between international and internal main language, the function of French is taking into account.
The purpose of this study is to discuss how the EU establishes, promotes and cooperates the language policy with its Member States based on the principles of subsidiarity and to discuss the process, the present situation, the result and the conclusion of adopting the language policy of the EU to France.
This study is based on the principles of subsidiarity, consisting of 5 chapters. Chapter 1 is on the purpose, motives, scope, method, structure, limitation of this study. Chapter 2 is to analyze the background of the development on the treaty, language policy and programs of the EU. Chapter 3 is to discuss the development of the language policy history in France. Chapter 4 is to elucidate the content and the development of the language policy in compulsory education in France nowadays. Chapter 5 is to conclude and evaluate the influence of the EU language policy to France.
The following conclusions have been drawn from this Study:
1.The mono language policy of France has changed into muli-lingual policy: French policy, regional languages policy and foreign languages policy.
2.The foreign languages learning of the students in France are still on English, Germany and Spanish and English learning is still the majority.
3.The hours of the foreign language learning in compulsory education in France have been increased. The French government begun encouraging students to learn foreign langages and also regional languages in accordance with the language policy of the EU.
4.France has been contributing to the promotion of French in the world and in France.