|Abstract: || 二零一四年十一月九日，加泰隆尼亞地方政府舉行獨立公投，雖然此次投票僅為公民諮詢，無實質法律效力，但當地人民對於支持獨立的比率卻高達八成。事實上，受到同年九月十八日蘇格蘭舉行獨立公投之影響，不僅加泰隆尼亞，在歐洲諸多擁有分離主義意識的地區，也掀起了一股仿效的風潮。|
November 9, 2014, the Government of Catalonia held a referendum on independence, although the vote was only Citizens Consultation, no real legal effect, local people to support the independence of the ratio was as high as eighty percent unexpectedly. In fact, by September 18 of the same year after the Scottish independence referendum held on, not only in Catalonia,but also many other regions with separatism in Europe, aroused a tempestuous emulation.
As mentioned above, the purpose of this thesis is to understand the generated factors of the separatism of Catalonia, and go into its internal and external factors. The chapter is divided into four sections： at the history and culture part, it can be traced back to the early years of the development in Catalonia until Spain democratic transformation, and the rise and fall with changes in its status. At the politics part, it is focused on the Spain Constitution, how to protect Catalonia''s autonomous powers. At the economy part, it is compared the two different level of economic development between Spain and Catalonia, on the other hand, European debt crisis spread to Catalonia in 2008, which led to its resort to a referendum on independence. At the international part, after the 2014 Scottish independence referendum held, in Europe causing a domino effect of a series of separatism, Catalonia also announced follow-up immediately, and what consequence was in the end?
Finally, in the conclusion, it is summed up the above four sections, making experiences and future assessments. In addition, through this thesis , I also hope to provide readers to understand the issue of minority, with a more macro perspective, to look upon and comprehend the separatism, ethnic identity and other holistic thinking.