The Marshal of the Soviet Union Mikhail Tukhachevsky was a great mind of soviet military thought, the “Soviet Deep Battle”, which he had perfected had been the mainstream of soviet military operation thought, as well as one of the most sophisticated operational theories from the 1930s to the end of the cold war. But western studies of soviet civil- military relations haven’t shed much light on the marshal’s death, but instead focused on the misfortune of another Marshal of the Soviet Union, Georgy Zhukov, revealing the preference of western soviet civil-military study.
This thesis discusses the “Case of Trotskyist Anti-Soviet Military Organization”- the case which saw the murder of Tukhachevsky, and the civil-military relations of the incident, as well as the operational theory “Soviet Deep Battle” and its influence.
The findings are as below:
First, the “Case of Trotskyist Anti-Soviet Military Organization” is an incident of party-military conflict, which corroborates the view of Amos Perlmutter, as well as the cyclical pattern of the soviet civil-military relations and other theories of Soviet civil-military relations.
Secondly, Stalin made his way to power using his position as chief secretary to take over the party, then using the orthodoxy of the party to attack his enemies. his position also allowed him to place his own men as well as men he may use as instruments onto strategic positions within the party, the soviet government and the nation’s security service, then taking every possible occasion to suppress his enemies using the nation’s security service now in his pocket, forging his dictatorship over the nation, which was very differs from Lenin’s reign of “Democracy within the party”.
Lastly, Stalin himself might not have desired the destruction of the “Soviet Deep Battle” concept. The concept was the most modern theory at the time, stressing paralyzing instead of annihilation, emphasizing speed, scale, surprise, and bears continuity. The purge of Tukhachevsky and his colleagues severely slowed the theory’s development. Yet the second world war provide the soviets with ample experience to improve the theory, making it the operational method that Major John S Powell of the US Armed forces believed to be unstoppable for the NATO forces in Europe.