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    题名: 美國重返亞太戰略對東亞局勢影響研究
    其它题名: Research into the influence toward Far East when America returns tothe Asia-Pacific region
    作者: 張瑞應;Chen, Rui-Ying
    贡献者: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    曾章瑞;Tzeng, Peter, Jang-ruey
    关键词: 亞太再平衡;反介入-區域拒止;TPP;RCEP;Asian Pacific Re-balancing;Anti-access/ area denial;Trans-Pacific Partnership;Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership
    日期: 2015
    上传时间: 2016-01-22 14:42:28 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 911事件發生之後,美國政府的戰略目標聚焦於「反恐」作戰,直接的軍事行動則是發兵伊拉克及阿富汗。至於東亞地區,雖也是長期關注的目標,但由於反恐作戰持續經年,勢必會影響到美國對亞太地區的戰略布局和資源分配。
    After the event of 911 Attack, the strategic target of US government focused on anti-terrorism war, with dispatching troops to Iraq and Afghanistan as a direct military action. The East Asia, though received the long-term attention, shared less strategic layout and resource distribution in Asia Pacific region from US owing to the long-lasting anti-terrorism war.
    President Obama put forward the strategy “Asia Pacific Rebalance” after his presidency, with increasing the proportion of Navy military in Asia Pacific region and presenting “joint air-sea battle” as a strategic concept to resolve “Anti-access/ area denial” by the regional powers. US consolidated the military strength in Asia Pacific region by means of military deployment of allied countries and military cooperation with countries around Asia Pacific region, including establishment of partnership, joint military exercises, sale of armaments, and military exchanges. In addition to absorbing China to global system and actively participating the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) plus six, US, on economic diplomacy, dominated to organize the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) to integrate important economic bodies in Asia Pacific region so as to be beneficial to its trade and economic development and to compete with China.
    After the reform and opening more than thirty years, China became the world’s second largest economy on 2010.China, with the goal of national development and national rejuvenation, and upon the basis of his economic strength, enhanced military strength to fight US for the leadership in East Asia. China, on military aspects, designed and manufactured more powerful short-, middle- and lone-range missiles, and air/sea weapons to accomplish “anti-access/ regional denial” strategic choice, marching to the destination –a mighty sea power nation. On economic diplomacy, China played a role in East Asia through the geopolitical benefit and also played a primary role in Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) to marginalize US in regional economic organizations.
    There are several important issues of conflict in East Asia after World War Ⅱ such as conflict between North and South Korea, confrontation of Taiwan Strait, sovereignty debates among South China Sea, and more recently the debate of Diaoyu islands. These issues reflect to the complicate and subtle relations between China and US. With the progressing of US strategy-“Asia Pacific Rebalancing”, the situation of East Asia changes significantly. This variation in East Asia causes a slight adjustment in US strategy- Asia Pacific Rebalancing, resulting in a successive interaction and an evolution of reciprocal causation. It is worthy to observe and analyze the coming development and trend in detail because the Taiwan’s future is strongly affected.
    显示于类别:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文


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