|摘要: || 近年來，由於內部管理不當，業已重創國軍社會形象。在面臨社會大眾對國軍的質疑，國防部長身為國軍的領航人，應該更重視其領導統御，才能帶領團隊向前。因此，本研究除理論論述外，為更貼近問題核心與現實，以開放式的填答問卷的途徑，進行國防部成員對部長領導行為期待的調查。期望從填答者的內容來分析國防部長相關領導態樣及性格缺陷。|
Recently, the societal image of our military was seriously damaged by several mismanagements within the camp. Facing with the increasingly societal suspicion toward the military, the Minister of National Defense, as the navigator of the armed forces as a whole, should appreciate more about the significance of his leadership. Thus, in addition to theoretic arguments, this research stresses the approach of open-questionnaire and conducts the survey among officers in the Ministry of National Defense about their expectations of Minister’s leadership. The author wishes to obtain more insightful and realistic solutions to the problems through the content analysis draw from the respondents’ answers to understand the types of Minister’s leadership and its shortfalls.
The findings of this research suggest that the most expected types of Minister’s leadership are “compassionate care,” “lead by example and the courage to take,” and ”listening and communicating” which all played vital roles in crisis management in the case of Hung. As a leader, the Minister should self-examine his character which embedded in his personality and manifested when crisis coming. Also, according to the survey, the Minster’s “authoritarian autocratic” leadership is the least preferred type. Therefore the resistance against the Minister’s authoritarian autocratic” leadership must be reduced. Trust should be taken as substitution to change the negative image caused by Minister’s authoritarian leadership. Meanwhile, taking the military values seriously is a strong foundation to establish an excellence army forces. The Minister could follow Maslow’s model as to the hierarchy of needs, in order to enhance self-esteem, responsibility, obligations and achieve high levels of self-worth and needs.
Finally, this research recommends that the future military cadres should study and reflect their capacities in crisis management, communication and prevention in particular. To rebuild the societal image of the armed forces, future leaders should act, upon care and communication, with military dignity and integrity, to verify the truth without evading the problems, to learn lessons not from outdated experience, to make changes boldly than just following the rules, and to bolster military morale for the steady armed forces.