Ever since the implementation of the Reform and Open Policy in 1978, and more than 30 years of economic development through the developing model of Special Economic Zones, China has gained tremendous success and become the world’s second largest economies in 2010. After the Cold War, China initiated a so-called ‘New Security Concept’, of which Economic Security was regarded as vital components of stability and development. To achieve its final goals of ‘peaceful reunification’, China has inputted huge amount of resources in the economic security strategies toward Taiwan.
After the Cold War, international relations theories have varied greatly, and what attracted peoples’ attention most was the emerging of the theory of constructivism. The constructivism theory suggests that international politics shall be viewed from the perspectives of sociology, and therefore attention be paid to the social construction existed in the international relations rather than the material construction, and thus take on a critical attitude toward the principle of rationalism of ‘Neo-realism’.
Since China has adopted Pingtan, Fujian Province as ‘The 12th 5-Year Plan Guidelines for National Economic and Social Developments’ (abbrev. for 12th 5-Year Plan Guidelines) on Mar. 16, 2011, ‘Pingtan Comprehensive Experimental Zone’ has formally been raised to a high status of national strategy. The Zone advertised itself with ‘Five-Commons’ Principle, of which aimed to explore new organisms for building homes for the people across the strait and broadening mutual exchanges and cooperation, and made it a do-first and try-first zone for reaching the goals of ‘Peaceful Reunification & One Country, Two Systems’.
Xi, jiping, as a political giant of China’s new generation, has currently raised the issue of fulfilling ‘China Dream’ as national goal. After Xi’s seizing powers, being one of the very few new leaders who were familiar with Taiwan affairs, what changes of China’s economic security strategy will bring about toward Taiwan? While Xi was serving as Secretary of Fu-jian Province, the ‘Pingtan Comprehensive Experimental Zone’ being developed and built by him, what on earth does it mean anything and special?
This thesis, from the perspectives of Constructivism of international relations theory, will try to give it a thought about the different frameworks of national security strategy analysis, and thus, based on these frameworks, to analyze the ‘Pingtan Comprehensive Experimental Zone’, and then to further examine how China’s economic security strategy works toward Taiwan, and the way how does Taiwan cope with it as well.