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    Title: 中國對台經濟安全戰略之研究 : 以平潭島綜合實驗區為例
    Other Titles: China's economic security strategy toward Taiwan : the case study of Pingtan comprehensive experimental zone
    Authors: 黃立方;Huang, Li-Fang
    Contributors: 淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班
    翁明賢;Wong, Ming-Hsien
    Keywords: 經濟安全;建構主義;平潭綜合實驗區;economic security;Constructivism;Pingtan comprehensive experimental zone
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2016-01-22 14:41:31 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中國自1978年實施改革開放後,歷經30餘年的經濟發展,利用「經濟特區」的獨特經濟發展模式,獲得了巨大的成就,至2010年時中國巳成為全球第二大經濟體。冷戰結束後,中國倡導所謂的「新安全觀」,將「經濟安全」視為穩定和發展的重要組成部份,其中為了達成「和平統一」的終極目標,中國投入了大量資源在對台的經濟安全戰略上。
    冷戰結束後,國際關係理論的發展發生了眾多的變化,其中最引人注目的,就是建構主義的興起。建構主義主張從社會學的視角去看待國際政治,特別注重國際關係中所存在的社會結構,而不是物質結構,並批判「新現實主義」的理性原則。
    2011年3月16日,中國將福建平潭列入「國民經濟和社會發展第十二個五年規劃綱要」(簡稱十二五規劃綱要)後,「平潭綜合實驗區」即正式提升至國家戰略的地位。該實驗區標榜「五個共同」原則,以兩岸人民建設共同家園的新模式和擴大兩岸交流合作的新機制,作為實施「和平統一、一國兩制」的先行先試區。
    中國新一代强人習近平提出「中國夢」的國家目標後,身為少數的知台派領導人,中國對台的經濟安全戰略會否產生新的變化?其擔任福建省委書記期間,推動開發的「平潭綜合實驗區」究竟有何重要性及特殊性?
    本論文將以建構主義國際關係理論的視角,思考不同的國家安全戰略分析架構,並將以此架構分析「平潭綜合實驗區」,進而檢視中國對台的經濟安全戰略,並提出台灣的因應之道。
    Ever since the implementation of the Reform and Open Policy in 1978, and more than 30 years of economic development through the developing model of Special Economic Zones, China has gained tremendous success and become the world’s second largest economies in 2010. After the Cold War, China initiated a so-called ‘New Security Concept’, of which Economic Security was regarded as vital components of stability and development. To achieve its final goals of ‘peaceful reunification’, China has inputted huge amount of resources in the economic security strategies toward Taiwan.
    After the Cold War, international relations theories have varied greatly, and what attracted peoples’ attention most was the emerging of the theory of constructivism. The constructivism theory suggests that international politics shall be viewed from the perspectives of sociology, and therefore attention be paid to the social construction existed in the international relations rather than the material construction, and thus take on a critical attitude toward the principle of rationalism of ‘Neo-realism’.
    Since China has adopted Pingtan, Fujian Province as ‘The 12th 5-Year Plan Guidelines for National Economic and Social Developments’ (abbrev. for 12th 5-Year Plan Guidelines) on Mar. 16, 2011, ‘Pingtan Comprehensive Experimental Zone’ has formally been raised to a high status of national strategy. The Zone advertised itself with ‘Five-Commons’ Principle, of which aimed to explore new organisms for building homes for the people across the strait and broadening mutual exchanges and cooperation, and made it a do-first and try-first zone for reaching the goals of ‘Peaceful Reunification & One Country, Two Systems’.
    Xi, jiping, as a political giant of China’s new generation, has currently raised the issue of fulfilling ‘China Dream’ as national goal. After Xi’s seizing powers, being one of the very few new leaders who were familiar with Taiwan affairs, what changes of China’s economic security strategy will bring about toward Taiwan? While Xi was serving as Secretary of Fu-jian Province, the ‘Pingtan Comprehensive Experimental Zone’ being developed and built by him, what on earth does it mean anything and special?
    This thesis, from the perspectives of Constructivism of international relations theory, will try to give it a thought about the different frameworks of national security strategy analysis, and thus, based on these frameworks, to analyze the ‘Pingtan Comprehensive Experimental Zone’, and then to further examine how China’s economic security strategy works toward Taiwan, and the way how does Taiwan cope with it as well.
    Appears in Collections:[國際事務與戰略研究所] 學位論文

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