In November, 2012,CCP held the “18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China” in Beijing. Xi Jing Ping was then elected the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, and became the chairman of Central Military Committee.
In the era of Hu Jintao, the frequent cross-strait interactions in economics, trade, culture, society, and education provided a sufficient condition for creating a peaceful development between the two sides. The so-called “discussion on the state of cross-strait political relations have not been reunified under special circumstances” appeared for the first time in the official report of level party congress, showing not only CCP’s confidence, but also the fact that it was not satisfied with the model of “no politics, only economy”, and has for many times expressed the needs of a cross-strait political dialogue.
Chinese Communist Party’s Taiwan policy is both consistent and continuous; however, it is also changing in some way. With regard to the continuity and consistency, economic and trade cooperation is still the highlight of the cross-strait negotiations. On the other hand, CCP also realized the importance at the spiritual level, and thus increased the educational and cultural exchanges between the two sides. Moreover, CCP also paid attention to the orientation of the people in Taiwan—including the central and southern Taiwan, small and medium-sized enterprises, low-income households, and young students, which further stimulated the strategy of “going south, going down”.
As for the policy changes, CCP has made an appeal for a cross-strait political dialogue, and hopes to sign a cultural agreement, making cross-strait culture exchanges become closer and institutionalized. Regional economic integration is a new trend, which also ties to the existence of Taiwan. This will be a new challenge for the cross-strait relations in that while CCP needs approval from people in Taiwan, they cannot give up adhering to its own principles.