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    Title: 中共「十八大」後對台政策的持續與變遷
    Other Titles: The continuation and change of the Communist Party of China’s Taiwan policy after 18th national congress
    Authors: 施文;Shih, Wen
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班
    潘錫堂;郭展禮;Pan, Xi-Tang;Kuo, Jun-Lee
    Keywords: 「十八大」;一個中國原則;政治路線;18th Party Congress;One China principle;Policy Line
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2016-01-22 14:41:11 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 2012年11月,中共在北京召開「第十八次全國代表大會」,習近平當選新一屆中央委員會總書記,並接班中共中央軍委主席。
    胡錦濤時代,兩岸在經貿、文化、社會、教育等各方面的交流愈形密切,創造兩岸關係和平發展的充分條件。所謂「探討國家尚未統一特殊情況下的兩岸政治關係」也初次出現在黨代表大會層級的官方報告中,顯示了中共的自信,並且中共對於兩岸目前「只經不政」的模式並不滿意,多次表達兩岸應進行政治對話。
    中共對台政策有其一貫性與連續性,但也有變遷的部分。關於持續部分,兩岸協商仍是以經貿合作為主軸,然而中共也了解到心靈層面的重要性,加強兩岸的文教交流。再者,重視台灣「三中一青」的民心取向—中南部、中小企業、中低收入戶和青年學子,也就產生了「往南走、向下沉」的策略。
    關於政策變遷的部分,中共以催促兩岸政治對話為主要訴求。促簽文化協議,希望兩岸文化交流融合更形密切與制度化。區域經濟整合是新時代的趨勢,也關係台灣的生存問題,中共需要台灣的民心認同,但也不能過分棄守其固有的原則主張,是為兩岸關係新一代的考驗。
    In November, 2012,CCP held the “18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China” in Beijing. Xi Jing Ping was then elected the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, and became the chairman of Central Military Committee.
    In the era of Hu Jintao, the frequent cross-strait interactions in economics, trade, culture, society, and education provided a sufficient condition for creating a peaceful development between the two sides. The so-called “discussion on the state of cross-strait political relations have not been reunified under special circumstances” appeared for the first time in the official report of level party congress, showing not only CCP’s confidence, but also the fact that it was not satisfied with the model of “no politics, only economy”, and has for many times expressed the needs of a cross-strait political dialogue.
    Chinese Communist Party’s Taiwan policy is both consistent and continuous; however, it is also changing in some way. With regard to the continuity and consistency, economic and trade cooperation is still the highlight of the cross-strait negotiations. On the other hand, CCP also realized the importance at the spiritual level, and thus increased the educational and cultural exchanges between the two sides. Moreover, CCP also paid attention to the orientation of the people in Taiwan—including the central and southern Taiwan, small and medium-sized enterprises, low-income households, and young students, which further stimulated the strategy of “going south, going down”.
    As for the policy changes, CCP has made an appeal for a cross-strait political dialogue, and hopes to sign a cultural agreement, making cross-strait culture exchanges become closer and institutionalized. Regional economic integration is a new trend, which also ties to the existence of Taiwan. This will be a new challenge for the cross-strait relations in that while CCP needs approval from people in Taiwan, they cannot give up adhering to its own principles.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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