臺灣自始以來經濟高度依賴著對外貿易、對外投資活絡，與全球經貿體系緊密結合，對東亞整合亦貢獻良多，但最後尚待突破的就是兩岸經貿關係。而兩岸服貿協議正是為兩岸經貿往來開啟新的格局，有效促進兩岸服務業貿易交流與相互投資，帶動台灣產業進入大陸市場。 本文研究目的旨在探討兩岸服貿協議之簽訂對於台灣政治及經濟面上產生的疑慮，以及若是兩岸服貿未通過之影響。兩岸服貿議題在各產業中受到極大關注，政、商、學界皆有截然不同的看法，卻沒有統一的解答而導致後續部分爭議。因此本研究利用文獻分析法及次級資料分析法探討未來主要可能引發之問題及可獲得之效益。 本研究最後結果認為兩岸服貿協議能否有效實踐是創造未來經濟躍進的關鍵。如因台灣內部政治鬥爭導致兩岸服貿協議若遲遲未生效，將造成未來更多台灣與國際上洽簽協議的障礙，導致原先取得的優勢快速流失，因此政府需強化與業者及民眾之溝通與宣導機制，將反對聲浪降到最低，而後如能順利進入經濟區域整合，可否使台灣追趕上目前韓國經貿成就的步伐。 Taiwan''s economy has always highly relied on foreign trade and foreign investment and has been closely integrated with the global economic and trade system. The integration of East Asia contributed a lot, but still has yet to break the cross-strait economic and trade relations. To combat this, the Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement(CSSTA) is the opening of a new pattern of cross-strait economic and trade exchanges that promotes cross-strait trade in services and communication and mutual investment, effectively driving Taiwan''s industry to enter China’s market. The purpose of this study is to investigate suspicions of the signing of CSSTA on the political and economic aspects of Taiwan, and the effects the failure of passage of the Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement would have. CSSTA is a great concern to various industries. There are completely different views in politics, business and academia, but there is no unified answer which points towards the controversy among the different sectors. Therefore, this study investigates the main problems that may arise and the available benefits of literature analysis and secondary data analysis. To conclude, the result indicates the cross-strait service trade agreement is critical for Taiwan flourished economy in the future. If the political struggle keeps putting off CSSTA, Taiwan would face many obstacles from signing other international trade agreements, and also losing the superiority that Taiwan had in the beginning. Therefore, Taiwan government must reevaluate the communication with Taiwanese about CSSTA in order to alleviate counterforce. To move forward with CSSTA, Taiwan can keep up with South Korea economic prosperity.