|其他題名: ||The study of the economical development and strategy on the rise of central China|
|作者: ||吳怡萱;Wu, Yi-Hsuan|
張五岳;Zhang, Shixian;Chang, Wu-Ueh
|關鍵詞: ||區域經濟;區域發展;中部崛起;十二五規劃;regional economy;Regional Development;The Rise of Central China;China's 12th Five-Year Plan|
|上傳時間: ||2016-01-22 14:40:56 (UTC+8)|
“The Rise of Central China Plan” is a major decision made by the People’s Republic of China, based on the global viewpoint on modernized infrastructure and regional coordination and development. The promotion level and scope of this plan has been on par with strategies to “encourage the leading development of eastern regions,” “develop western regions on a large scale,” and “revitalize old north-eastern industrial bases.” At a critical time of regional development, it is an urgent and difficult task to promote the rise of central regions.
Since China issued “Several Opinions on Promoting the Rise of Central China” on 15th April 2006, cities within the central regions have formed mutualistic relationships and evolved together in these eight years. Urban towns and rural villages at different tiers were combined as an organic entity, which boosted constant development of economic, social, and ecological environment in the central regions. The industrial foundation and developmental environment of the central regions have thus been considerably enhanced and improved, and so has the economic endogenous growth.
The central regions possess apparent strategic strengths in terms of location, resources, industries, science and education. By taking advantage of these features and conditions, the central regions can be expected to become an important food production base, raw material base of energy, important location for modern equipment manufacturing and high-tech industries, as well as transport hub of China. These formed the main support for the rise of central regions.
“The Rise of Central China” marks a process of accelerative development of regional economy. It is a global and long-term tactic, taking a crucial part in overall developmental strategies of entire China in a new historical phase. Planned from the angle of the whole nation, the strategy has set the six provinces of the central regions as spatial nodes, which connect districts from east to west, north to south. Its development covers many aspects, including evolution of industrialization, urbanization, marketization and globalization, along with a change in economic system, alteration of government functions, outset of regional economic collaboration, construction of a unified market and improvement in investment environment.
During the preliminary stage of China’s 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015), the central regions have shown its ability to reach the original goal of macroeconomic adjustment. The advancement of the quality of regional economic growth and increase in benefits has been reflected in the constant improvements in people’s livelihood, resource environment and technological innovation. However, the development of specific fields in the central regions has encountered obstacles to a large extent, which are conditioned by many non-economic factors, such as social problems between farmers and workers, shallow knowledge about strategic development, conflict between food preservation and development, maladjustment of industrial structure and deviated concepts of the promotion of urbanization. With the accelerative development of urbanization, these knotty problems will become conspicuous and may become the major hindrance to future economic development of the central regions.
With continuous progress and evolution of scientific technology against the backdrop of informationization and globalization, the industrial structure has advanced toward optimization and scientization. Under the guidance of macro strategies, although the industrial structure in the central regions has been adjusted and optimized, there is still great pressure on the adjustment and transformation of the industrial structure. The coordination of industrial development still requires improvement.