In recent years, with the prosperous development of microblogs and other new media, the PRC (People’s Republic of China) has been worried about losing important public positions on the Internet, and showed no tendency to give free rein to the cyberspace. They use the network as another tool and means to publicize their national policies, and thereby expand their influence controlled by the political power. Therefore, as far as the PRC leading authorities are concerned, the development of Internet can strengthen the country power and also threat the foundation of political ruling. The PRC thus took the methods of both develop and control, through the monitor system ,Internet Real-name system, industry self-regulation and strengthening the legislative norms, to increase the controlling and guiding power to the public opinion on the network, to eliminate negative and reactionary information, and to achieve the goal of social stability and regime consolidation.
The PRC still insists on particular political system of authoritarian rule, even with the progress of the society and the appearance of the civil community, but the long-standing situation combined with "strong country" and "weak social" is still hard to be changed yet, and the public society still unable to be evenly matched with the country grasping the major resources. Furthermore, in order to maintain to the "strong state" position, the ruling government also speeds up to strengthen the governance authority of the state while facing the Internet democratic forces aroused by the microblogs, to avoid the excessive social expansion and development to threat the model of authoritarian governance. Since Xi Jinping, the present of China, proposed to implement "rule by law" on the fourth plenary session of the 18th party congress in 2014, the PRC has accelerated the follow-up legislative work on the network to enhance the authorities'' legitimacy to “rule the Network by law", and thus they shall be perfectly justifiable to control the public opinion on the net. At the same time, the citizen awareness and public sense can be quickly expressed in the cyber world, which is essentially helpful in promoting the democratization in China. When most people possess the economic ability and skills to access the Internet, even the information acquisition is still limited to the PRC''s control and domination, the open-minded and facilitating trend of the Internet has stimulated the consciousness of free speech to germinate. Thus, the civil society on the network will continue to progress with the mode of power game on the microblogs and other new media platforms, and may gradually affect the PRC’s authority of the one-party dictatorship.