|题名: ||胡錦濤與江澤民的權力分配與權力互動 (2003.11-2004.9)|
|其它题名: ||The power distribution and power interaction between Hu Jintao and Jiang Zemin (11.2003-9.2004)|
|作者: ||陳世豪;Hao, Chen-Shih|
潘錫堂;郭展禮;Tang, Pan-Xi;Li, Guo-Zhan
|关键词: ||權力轉移;權力交接;胡錦濤;江澤民;集體領導;Power transfer;Power handover;Hu Jintao;Jiang Zemin|
|上传时间: ||2016-01-22 14:40:26 (UTC+8)|
In communist countries, the power transfer of political leadership often leads to fierce political battles affecting the overall stability of the country. The Communist Party of China (CPC) has no effective mechanism for leadership selection. The process of power succession is highly personal in nature, is non-institutionalized, and involves great uncertainty. Thus, the CPC transition of power has often been filled with frustrations and challenges.
In 2002, the CPC held the 16th National Congress, which completed the fourth generation of leadership handover. This was regarded as a major display of an institutionalized, peaceful power transfer marking the start of collective leadership with Hu Jintao as the center.
However, despite Hu Jintao taking over as the General Secretary of the CPC, the Chairman of the Central Military Commission was still the former CPC leader, Jiang Zemin. Therefore, Hu Jintao had regime and party power, but no military power. The main research focus of this article is on the challenges and power distribution during the transition of power, as well as the display of adept political skills and strategy implementation to smoothly complete the political succession.
This research article is divided into five chapters. The first chapter introduces the topic. The second chapter analyzes the CPC political system regarding the transition from Jiang Zemin to Hu Jintao during the 16th National Congress. The third chapter evaluates the challenges and issues faced by Hu Jintao during the early stages of regime consolidation, as well as the power interactions with Jiang Zemin as the Chairman of the Central Military Commission. The fourth chapter discusses the period after the handover of military power by Jiang Zemin and the changes made by Hu Jintao, who now possessed both political and military power. In addition, the chapter explores whether Hu Jintao followed the example of Jiang Zemin before stepping down by first handing over regime and party power, followed by military power. The fifth chapter summarizes the first four chapters, and proposes future research directions based on the research findings.