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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/104854


    Title: 習近平主政下反貪打腐之研究
    Other Titles: The research of anti-corruption under Mr. Xi Jin-Ping
    Authors: 胡博榮;Hu, Po-jung
    Contributors: 淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士在職專班
    潘錫堂;郭展禮;Pan, Hsi-Tang;Guo, Jan-Li
    Keywords: 反貪政策;反腐機制;反腐倡廉;反腐敗;反腐敗鬥爭;黨風廉政建設;anti-corruption policy;anti-corruption mechanism;combat corruption and build a clean government;anti-corruption;anti-corruption combat;build an incorruptible politics
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2016-01-22 14:40:21 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 貪腐是現今各國家在現代化過程中會遭遇到之問題,然而貪腐現象是侵入中國共產黨和國家肌體的病毒,決不能掉以輕心。貪腐問題是中國大陸面臨的堅困難題,貪腐的危害巨大,它不僅嚴重浪費了公共資源,更影響了社會穩定及和諧社會的建設,成為了人類文明發展的毒瘤,目前,貪腐己經成為阻礙中國共產黨提高執政能力的因素,如果不能抑制腐敗現象,就有失去民心的危險,這個問題解決不好,就會對中國共產黨造成致命傷害,甚至亡黨亡國,反腐敗為防止中國共產黨在長期執政條件下腐化變質,是中國共產黨必須抓好的重大政治任務,如何有效控制,減少政府官員在改革過程中濫用職權或從中牟利,確實是反腐敗行動的最大目的。
    然而中國共產黨在「十八大」以來,習近平總書記在反腐倡廉的指導思想、基本方針、工作格局、領導體制、工作機制和基本制度框架等方面進行了創新和發展,他把嚴明紀律作為增強黨的凝聚力和執政能力的基礎,把改進工作作風視為務實執政根基的重要工程,以“把權力關進制度的籠子裡”的思路謀劃反腐倡廉的制度建設,強調堅持標本兼治、懲防並舉; 堅持加強反腐敗體制機制創新和制度保障;堅定不移地反對腐敗,建設廉潔政治,努力實現幹部清正、政府清廉、政治清明的目標。
    本文採用文獻分析法及研究比較法,將相關文獻資料、專文或書籍進行蒐集及閱讀,閱讀了解後作為分析比較之依據,並提出個人研究心得之研究方法。研究比較法:置重點於比較習近平時代與前幾任領導人時代之反貪打腐作為及方略之相異比較,探討及預測習近平在任時之中國大陸局勢。並透過文獻分析法蒐集國內外、及中國大陸方面關於1951-2014年(毛澤東-習近平)中國大陸各領導人之反貪打腐思想、方針及作為之相關檔案、專題專書、期刊、研究論文,以及網路與相關連結,進行閱覽、整理、分類、分析。
    但無法迴避的是,目前的反貪防腐制度體系仍不完備,在具體工作中仍存在有法不依、執法不嚴、監督力度不夠等問題,反貪防腐之路仍然艱辛漫長,在這背景之下,本人將廣泛閱讀了大量反腐事件資料,希望總結中國大陸反腐倡廉工作的現狀,深入分析在制度等方面存在的缺陷和不足,並提出具有合理性和可行性的意見與建議。
    Corruption nowadays has been the dilemma during the modernization movement for each country, yet the phenomenon of corruption is just the virus invading into the Communist Party of China and his state body, thus it is the issue that cannot be taken lightly. China is coming up against the hardship since the tremendous peril not only causes the misuse of national resources but affect the social stability and advancement, hence it is growing into a fatal cyst for developing the human civilization. Currently, the issue of corruption has been turning into the blockage of raising its governing capability for the Communist Party of China. It will cause a threat of losing the popular will, may bring a fateful harm, and even may lead elimination for the Party and for the nation, if the circumstance cannot be retrained. Anti-corruption is a crucial political
    undertaking to prevent a long-term government from being deteriorated. It is indeed the most essential objective of anti-corruption for how to efficiently control or minimize the abuse of authority or privilege attempt via position. However, since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Xi, the Secretary General, has been heading for innovation and development in thought guiding, basic policy, work pattern, leadership system, operation scheme, and basic system frame, which all applied to corruption combat. Mr. Xi puts strict discipline as the basis for strengthening the Party’s cohesion and ruling ability. Besides, he regards the improvement as an important project of pragmatic administration. By basing “shut the authority in the system cage” as the mentality plan for combating corruption, Mr. Xi put emphasis on persisting in curing for not only a stopgap but a radical measure, and in penalizing and in preventing simultaneously , too. Additionally, he perseveringly insisted on innovating and securing for anti-corruption plan. The ultimate goal for Mr. Xi is to stand firmly against corruption, to build an incorruptible politics, to fulfill a moral Cabinet, and to construct a government that is loyal and authentic. This article was written with bibliography assays and researched correlations. The analytic basis sources from all amassed and studied data including all relating documents, specific texts and other books, it also includes both perceptions and approaches from an individual as well. Moreover, the different comparisons from Xi Jin-Ping with previous leader are focused on their actions and strategies on anti-corruption. The result plays a role as a probe and a prediction about the forwarding political situation in China under Xi’s administration. All analytic data were not only collected worldwide but included the period from 1951 to 2014 (Mao Ze-Dung to Xi Jin-Ping) relating all thoughts, policy and actions from different leaders which were written in concerned documents, specific texts, periodicals, essays and internet connections. Besides, they were all completely achieved by studying, organizing, classifying and analyzing.
    However, the currently unavoidable fact is that the scheme of anti-corruption is not ideal since there were still numerous abuses in legislation and in supervision as they were not enforced accordingly, strictly or adequately. It is still a long hardship to overcome. Under such background, it led me to broad and deep study about the anti-corruption circumstance in present China, which was also thoroughly evaluated for deficiency and inadequacy in its system. Thoughtfully and practicably, herewith, my comments and propositions as a contribution is achieved in way of eventual outcome.
    Appears in Collections:[中國大陸研究所] 學位論文

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