Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP’s) eighteenth National People’s Congress (NPC), held in November 11th, 2012, symbolizes CCP’s fifth leader, Xi Jinping, has taken the office and sets the stage for his era. The foreign policies of mainland China from 16th to 17th National People’s Congress mainly focused on major powers are critical, surrounding countries are primary, developing countries are foundational, and international institutions are instrumental. Besides, the quo “public diplomacy is supplementary” was added in 18th NPC represents PRC’s “five in one” core diplomatic strategy.
The Obama Administration issued a series of announcements indicating that the policy of rebalancing of Asia. Not only he reaffirms his existing standpoint of solving sovereignty issues, but also emphasizes United States of America (USA) is a superpower and maritime state and a peace keeper in Asian-Pacific region. For maritime safety, especially in issue of South China Sea, has a vital stake which cannot be neglected. Especially, in facing of new leader of raising China, competitor or partner, engagement or containment, US policies toward CRP and ROC become significant in order to protect overall interests in U.S.
Moreover, since Ma Ying-jeoun has taken the office and has accepted 1992 Consensus in March, 2008, there are more opportunities in the cross-strait exchanging policies and ROC’s foreign policies because of political goodwill provided by PRC. And cross-strait relations are always being the key factor of development of ROC. After the 18th NPC, PRC claims the policy towards ROC will remain the same and also has new thought, new view point and new guidance in building cross-strait peaceful relations. Besides, ROC’s current low-key, surprise-free approach to further strengthen trust with US and variance of US-China high-tension relations form three complicated bilateral relations. So, the trilateral relations among USA, PRC and ROC is an important issue and worth discussing.
By utilizing documentary analysis to analyze interactions between Xi Jinping and US/ROC can foresee the dynamic so-call three bilateral relations formed by rebalancing strategy in Asia and the new model of major-country relations. More importantly, ROC should utilize smart power to build relations with US and PRC and further gain recognition of international community.