法國文化政策的研究很少觸及關於其自身的霸權性和國族性，這使得這個研究所呈現的觀點能夠提供比較批判的研究，或許能夠使這個研究更全面。從第一章開始，我們呈現法國文化建立的歷程，從法國如何建立自己的國族意識和自我文化性到建構完成以後開始擴張和殖民，接著在第二章我們就開始反省這個文化政策的建構歷程是如何的絕對化和霸權化，尤其是通過台灣觀點-國際地位和文化實力都相對弱勢的國家。最後在結論的部份我們提出台灣和中國文化的問題作為對照和反省，並比較法國文化。 The study of French cultural policy has rarely concerned its own nationalistic and hegemonic aspects. This research is written from a critical perspective and endeavors to be as comprehensive as possible. In the first part, I present the process of the maturation about the French cultural policy: How is a national consciousness constituted? And how did the French cultural policy extend to the point of reaching some form of cultural colonialism? In the second part, I look into the question from a Taiwan perspective - a country whose political and cultural influences are relatively insignificant internationally. This Taiwan perspective enables me to have a deeper reflection on the process of the development of cultural policy: To what extent does the cultural policy can attain absolutization and hegemony? In the conclusion part, I focus on the cultural policy issues between Taiwan and China, which intertwine with culture, politics, colonization and Confucianism, and a comparison with the French cultural policy is thus made possible.