This thesis mainly discusses the protagonists’ depressing fate in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Never Let Me Go. The main focuses of this thesis are to probe into the protagonists’ existential predicament and the possibility of redemption. Chapter one draws the ideas from Jean-Paul Sartre and Martin Heidegger to explore the human clones’ solitude and futility; Furthermore, I borrow the Sartre’s argument about the existence of Others to examine the impossibility of communication between human clones.
In chapter two, the main concerns are human clones’ death and bodies. I explore the topic of death by citing Sartre’s viewpoints. I consider that death cannot define who human clones are, only the subjectivity can define the meaning of life by his/her actions. In that case, we could say that there is no difference between human beings and human clones. Then I shift my viewpoint from existentialism to biopolitics, I manage to cite Roberto Esposito to elaborate human clones’ predicament. According to his concepts about community and immunity, I conclude that human clones don’t own their bodies, because they have to use their bodies as gifts for the community, the human world.
In the final chapter, I manage to expound the predicament of humans and clones from Francis Fukuyama’s viewpoints. He believes that the most significant threat posed by contemporary biotechnology is the possibility that it will alter human nature. In terms of existentialism, finitude can make life meaningful. I believe that, for human clones, we could see authenticity is the possibility of redemption. The consciousness towards death makes them authentic and unique. In addition, I think that once clones decide to take actions, the situation, or the facticity, will become different. In conclusion, I think that there is redemption for human clones.