本研究之目的為理解日本加入跨太平洋戰略經濟夥伴關係協議（TPP）的背景、企圖及與安倍新經濟政策之關聯，並試圖經由對2014年TPP美日農產品會談尋求安倍新經濟政策中TPP的意義。 自由貿易協定的洽簽，絕對不是主觀上對與錯之是非題；更不是在伸張正義與道德。它全然是締約國基於國計民生與國家利益的攻防談判。因此，如何在締約國間取得互蒙其利的平衡點即是自由貿易的精髓。 任何一項自由貿易協定的談判，無非以國計民生為核心。本研究除援引安倍二次執政後的日本國內各項民生數據與比較2014、2013年日本農林水產省所編預算之差異，用以檢證日本安倍執政成效與日本加入TPP後之農業佈署。有關本研究之重要結論謹臚列如次： 一、區域性貿易組織運作模式已然形塑出近代國家經濟戰略不可或缺的情狀下，日本不得不面對這個嚴謹的議題－加入TPP並進行談判。 二、多邊型自由貿易協定充分展現出整合的機能。日本與東協之自由貿易協定如此，TPP自無法例外。TPP談判的複雜除來自美日農產品、汽車關稅議題外，美日間如何重組一個新整合平台，是美日TPP會談中另一個關鍵議題。 三、日本2013年加入TPP的策略除表面上以加入泛太洋區域經濟體並靠向以美國為主導下的經濟組織外，從安倍新經濟政策角度觀察，日本兼以期待TPP的架構是能夠在相當程度上以保障日本自身農業的運行架構進行。 整體而言，安倍新經濟政策中TPP的意義，除了TPP的參與足可觸動安倍新經濟政策中的成長戰略外，日本亦應透過對TPP的參與強化自身產業之變革。 The purpose of the study is to understand the background and the reason why Japan joining the TPP under the Abenomics. In addition, finding out the meaning of the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement（TPP）in Abenomics according to the experience of TPP US-Japan agricultural talks in 2014. Signing free trade agreements is neither a subjective question of right and wrong nor a presence of justice and morality. It is totally a offense and defense negotiation based on national economy and people''s livelihood between contracting parties. Therefore, the essence of free trade agreements is to find a mutually beneficial balance between contracting parties. The core of the negotiation of free trade agreements is all about national economy and people''s livelihood. In this study, we cited every livelihood data of Japan after Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe came into power the second time, and compare the difference of the budget planned by the ministry of agriculture, forestry and fisheries of Japan between 2013 and 2014. Thereby, inspecting the policy achievements of Shinzo Abe and agricultural deployment of Japan after joining TPP. Conclusions 1.The regional trade organization mode of national economy has already brought out an serious issue that Japan has to face under the condition of competing economic policy strategies：joining the TPP and negotiating with other parties. 2.Multilateral free trade agreements have fully demonstrated the function of integration. The Japan-ASEAN FTA have done that, and TPP is no exception. In addition to agricultural products and tariff issues, another key issue in the TPP talks is to find out how to restructure a new integration platform between the US and Japan. 3.Japan not only joined the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership in 2013 and leaned closer to US-led economic organizations, but also looked forward to protect its agriculture framework to a certain extent by TPP from the perspective of Abenomics. Overall, the meaning of the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreemen（TPP）in Abenomics is participating in the TPP is enough to touch the new economic growth strategy, and Japan should strengthen its own industrial revolution through the involvement of the TPP.