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|Title: ||東アジアにおける文化衝突の歷史的研究 : パンの伝播を中心に|
|Other Titles: ||東亞文化衝突的歷史性研究 : 以麵包傳播為中心|
A study on the cultural conflicts of bread in East Asia : focusing on spread of bread
|Authors: ||彭心慧;Peng, Hsin-Huei|
|Keywords: ||小麥;麵包;中式麵點;絲路;米食文化;麵包文化;Wheat;Bread;Chinese Wheat Food;Silk Road;Rice Culture;Bread Culture;コムギ;パン;中華麺食;シルクロード;パン文化|
|Issue Date: ||2016-01-22 14:35:27 (UTC+8)|
This thesis examines the spread of the wheat culture by taking a close look at the the how bread traveled to the world from its point of origin throughout history, Today, wheat culture has a place in East Asia countries such as Japan, etc. China has its own native wheat culture, which is identified as the Chinese Wheat Food system. Thorough data analysis, I attempted at finding out the relations between bread and Chinese Wheat Food. Food is a reflection of culture and local environment condition. As a result, food that can be called bread has different characteristics from area to area. Therefore, it was necessary to clarify the definition of bread, distinguish Chinese Wheat Food from what we know as bread. The first thing to do in order to support the theory was to establish the connection of bread culture and wheat planting, it is necessary to clarify the migration route of bread culture. The bread culture started in East Asia and then propagated westward, and was embraced by the Europeans. Then, bread traveled to the east through the Silk Road and merged into Chinese Wheat Food. Bread culture found stronger footing in East Asia through cultural exchanges in the form of trade and war. In China, Japan and Taiwan, the diet culture have been predominately rice based and each region has strong local characteristics, but since exposure to bread, the farming system have been mostly converted to double-dropping systems. This thesis also made an attempt to examine the dietary composition of people in these areas.
In conclusion: the development of wheat-planting in previously rice-dominance areas, and the communication between different races have close connection with bread culture. I think that it is not appropriate to label every food item made with wheat flour as a type of bread. Finally, it is note-worthy that Japan is the place where traditional Food Culture integrated with Bread Culture in East Asia most successfully.
|Appears in Collections:||[Graduate Institute of Asian Studies] Thesis|
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