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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/104779

    Title: 日本の若年労働者、教育と労働市場におけるミスマッチの問題について
    Other Titles: 日本的年輕勞工、教育以及勞動市場錯配之問題
    Japan's young workers, education and mismatch in labor market
    Authors: 鄭紫賢;Cheng, Tzu-Hsien
    Contributors: 淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士班
    小山直則;Koyama, Naonori
    Keywords: 年輕勞工;教育;錯配;雇用政策;配對函數;Young Workers;education;Mismatch;Employment Strategies;Matching Function;若年労働者;ミスマッチ;マッチング関数
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2016-01-22 14:35:22 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:   日本的年輕勞工(15~34歲)在就業市場上的優勢是,平均一人所接觸的職缺較其他年齡層來得多,意即較容易取得工作機會。然而,年輕勞工為了尋找適合自己的工作,辭職或轉職也是較為普遍的。同時,日本的非正職員工裡,約有四分之一為年輕勞工。這些年輕勞工裡,有一部分並非是自願成為非正職員工的。日本的薪資水平成長並沒有出現異常,但是由於正職員工與非正職員工的薪資差距大,因此有必要重視非正職員工的問題。
    Compared with other groups of labor force, Japanese young workers (15~34 years old) are advantageous in searching for occupations. In the same time, young workers are also easy to change or quit their jobs because they are still at a step to search for ideal occupations. On the other hand, there are almost 1/4 irregular employment are young workers. Parts of them are unwilling to become irregular employment. Japanese salaries are increasing normally, but the disparity between permanent employment and irregular employment is existed. That’s why the problem of unwilling irregular employment should not be ignorant.
    These irregular employments are not able to become permanent employment even though they want. This will be the core of this thesis-‘Mismatch in Labor market’. Mismatch happened in many perspectives. Some cases are due to asymmetric information or discorded in demanding of companies and labor force. Mismatch caused unemployment; further more, continuously changing jobs or resignation. Recently years, Gross Tertiary Education Enrollment Ratio is elevated. As a result, capability of young workers should be improved. But the fact is that unwilling irregular employments are rising. As for mentioned, if education can’t help young workers as we expected, the way how Japanese government use employment strategies to assist young workers would be extremely meaningful and important.
    At first, the thesis states young workers’ situation in labor force nowadays. Secondly, using matching function to discovery how mismatch can be solved. In examining matching function, we found Mismatch could be improved from ‘unemployment pension’, ‘conditions of layoff’ and ‘improving transmission efficiency of information’. In the end, the thesis discuss with whether the employment strategies followed these 3 factors and how to modify its direction in the future.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Asian Studies] Thesis

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