Although we could say that the region of Latin America and the Caribbean are not a priority for Japan, as it is the Asian continent itself, it seems relevant and important to recognize, especially in recent years, links with the Latin American and Caribbean region had increased, perhaps driven mainly by the need to find new suppliers of insumes, food and energy as well as to diversify its markets to the outside world. Also it has to be consider the growing presence of mainland China in the region, growing power, highly developed, highly competitive and in constant economic and technological expansion, which has become a stimulus in recent year’s successive Japanese governments in their intention to have and maintain a greater presence, participation and involvement worldwide.
The aim of this thesis is to analyze and contribute to a clearer and updated vision of the relationship in recent years between Japan and Latin America and the Caribbean, with particular emphasis on the region of Central America and especially in the Republic of Guatemala.
The main conclusion reached in this thesis concerns the Japanese economic model, with its strengths and weaknesses, is still far from the Latin American economic models, although it is certainly a benchmark for excellence for study, it is a good case analysis trying in this way, to know where roads and bridges must necessarily move the economies of Latin America through entrepreneurship in economic and industrial modernity. The motivation is to one day become prime power, and the Federative Republic of Brazil has coached us with strength and fortitudes.
The Japanese economy is currently ranked third in the ranking of global growth, after a process of economic stagnation, registered a substantial growth from the macroeconomic measures taken by the government in early 2013. Changes and the implications for Latin American regional markets and in particular the Guatemalan market, could provide new variants of relationship which could certainly be beneficial to both economies. Japan has been for the Republic of Guatemala one of the countries with the highest contribution in cooperation programs for development aspect constitutes an important object of attention and study.
As for concluding remarks noteworthy and noted that Latin American economic model, which integrates sub-models of the Region of Central America and the Caribbean, somehow should follow the guidelines and processes of Japanese strategic doctrine and negotiate as blocks, in order to be competitive and strong as his partner in question, compared to this and other economic superpowers. Under the Central American Integration System (SICA) can certainly initiated the strategy of integration and joint position towards third parties as a coordination mechanism has been strengthened in recent years. It seems relevant to mention the importance of the participation of Japan in the framework of SICA in its capacity as observer and dynamics of development of the mechanism of meetings SICA-Japan, which have been very successful in terms of cooperation and trade.