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    題名: ANÁLISIS DE LA IDEOLOGÍA POLÍTICA DE RAFAEL CORREA EN SUS INTERVENCIONES OFICIALES : "LA REVOLUCIÓN CIUDADANA"
    其他題名: Analysis of the Rafael Correa political ideology through his statements : "The Citizens' Revolution"
    作者: 武岳, 維雷斯;Batista, Uriel Alberto Velez
    貢獻者: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    白方濟
    關鍵詞: 厄瓜多爾;拉斐爾‧科雷亞;公民革命;言說分析;政治意識形態;Ecuador;Rafael Correa;Discourse Analysis;political ideology "The Citizens' Revolution";analisis del discurso;ideologia politica La Revolucion Ciudadana
    日期: 2015
    上傳時間: 2016-01-22 14:20:31 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本論文的目的是分析厄瓜多爾總統拉斐爾‧科雷亞(Rafael Correa)官方演講之政治意識形態:公民革命。為了達成論文的目標,理論的部分是根據T.A.馮.戴伊克(T. A. van Dijk)言說分析 (discourse analysis) 理論以及政治意識形態(political ideology)為本論文分析的切入點。本文具體目標是解釋拉斐爾‧科雷亞的政治意識形態對於公民革命的上下文 (context);闡述拉斐爾‧科雷亞有關公民革命政治意識形態的具體化 (concretization)和政治實踐(political practices)和演講策略(discourse strategy)。了解拉斐爾‧科雷亞有關公民革命政治意識形態的進化(evolution)和具體化過程。 分析拉斐爾‧科雷亞有關公民革命政治意識形態的上下文,發現其受到國際間經過冷戰之後的政治意識形態、阿拉伯之春和中國大陸發展的影響。 在美洲,受到新自由主義、貿易保護主義和南方共同市場的影響。拉斐爾‧科雷亞對於公民革命政治意識形態則受到厄瓜多爾黨、經濟公司集團和公民社會的影響。在這個情況下,科雷亞綜合很多國內提出的建議、主流信仰;訴諸民族主義、宗教、自尊等,藉由一個“他們—我們”的演講結構,改變人民的的信仰教條,透過2008年憲法將其意識型態具體化。

    在透過大憲章的法律框架成功強化他的權利之後,科雷亞推動多項近幾年中國投資的基礎建設。除了一些作者指出其濫用權利因其2010年9月簽署例外狀態、八一三號行政命令、石油開採主義 (oil extractivism)。另一方面,科雷亞受到埃洛伊·阿爾法羅(Eloy Alfaro)自由革命、天主教的社會的規範啟發,因此,重視私有財產,促進外國企業投資,將其與馬克思主義的社會主義做區隔。為了公民革命的未來,拉斐爾‧科雷亞的形像很重要。而且改變總統的形像會确立公民革命未來。
    The main objective of this investigation is to analyze the political ideology of the ecuadorian president Rafael Correa, through his statements, about the topic “The Citizens'' Revolution” (CR) using the works of Teun A. van Dijk about political ideology and critical epistemic discourse analysis. So this investigation focus on determinate: 1) The context and the origin of the political ideology of Correa about the CR. 2) The process of the concretization of the political ideology of the president, his practices and discourse strategies. 3) Its evolution and its consolidation.

    About the context and the origins of the political ideology of Correa, is influence by the ideological battles that happen in the last 25 years after the Cold War, together with the Arab Spring and China commercial expansion (global level). These battles can be seen between neoliberal and state economy models, during the process of negotiation of the USA Free Trade Agreetment (FTA) and the initiatives of the MERCOSUR and the ALBA-TPC (interstate level). The political parties, the economics and militaries groups and the civil society have strong influence in the discourse origin too (domestic level). In this situation Correa articulated a discourse that synthesize all the domestic tendencies and the popular beliefs, then he appeal the nationalism, the religion and the selfsteem, using the structure “Us-Them,” with a permanent campaign. Then he concretize it through the 2008 Constitution.

    After the success of the Constitution and the legal framework, Correa boosted infrastructure projects by using the Chinese lines of credit. Futhermore many authors agree that State of exception sign during the 2010 crisis, the Executive Order number 813 and the ecological problems face by the Kichwa people of Sarayaka cause by the oil extractivism implies power abuse together with the government social programs clientelism.

    The CR is inspire in the Eloy Alfaro liberal revolution and the social doctrine of the catholic church, so the CR respect the private property and stimulate the foreign investment, so it is different of the Marxist socialism. The continuing of the CR depends of the Correa figure and that will determinate its future.
    顯示於類別:[美洲研究所] 學位論文

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