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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/104758

    Title: 美國第一夫人角色轉型 : 以艾蓮娜 . 羅斯福對黑人之人權立場為例
    Other Titles: Function of transformative US first lady : the case study of Eleanor Roosevelt’s attitude toward civil right of African American
    Authors: 張芳綺;Chang, Fang-Chi
    Contributors: 淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班
    Keywords: 非裔美國人;艾蓮娜‧羅斯福;第一夫人;African American;Eleanor Roosevelt;First Lady
    Date: 2015
    Issue Date: 2016-01-22 14:20:23 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 隨著美國產生首任第一家庭是由非裔美國人組成,在台灣,有些人認為歐巴馬當選總統,代表了非裔美國史的突破;在美國,有些人認為蜜雪兒‧歐巴馬是第一位非裔第一夫人,比歐巴馬當上總統更加有意義,此議題也重新喚起了非裔美國史的研究、種族議題的關注。



    Nowadays the United States has first African American first family. In Taiwan, some people think Barack Obama won the President election, that representing a breakthrough in African American history. In the United States, some people think Michelle Obama is the first African American first lady, who is more meaningful than Barack as President. No matter President Obama or first lady Michelle who is turn over the new page of African American history. The African American study and racial issue not only revive again, but also many people concern about it.

    The main purpose of this thesis is to explore the role and function of US first lady’s attitude toward the African American history. Actually, there has no official job description about First Lady in any country in any law. Unlike the presidency, which parameters of the office are discussed in Article 2 of the US Constitution, the first ladyship lacks constitutional guidelines because first ladies are unelected and unappointed, even the existence of the institution as an office, much less the scope and duties of that office, remains a point of debate. However, President Roosevelt’s wife Eleanor Roosevelt transformed the function of first lady from national hostess into activist successfully, which is also the reason why this thesis focus on how Eleanor served as first lady to play the function and action to develop African American’s issue.

    The structure of the thesis is divided into five chapters. The introduction chapter explains lack of first lady’s attitude and position in African American study. The second chapter describes how first ladies develop social function and civil right function in national political system before Eleanor Roosevelt become first lady. The third chapter discusses how Eleanor Roosevelt to break traditional functions of first lady to be activist. The fourth chapter analyzes how Eleanor Roosevelt to play the role of first lady to fight for civil right during the New Deal and the World War II.

    The thesis concludes that Eleanor Roosevelt had positive attitude to convert first lady lacks normal definition of duty, legal protection, and sort of instabilities into the advantage. Furthermore, she not only worked harder than other politicians to promote African American civil right movement, but also explored the potential function of first lady. She has the contribution in African American and first lady history.
    Appears in Collections:[美洲研究所] 學位論文

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