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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/104741

    Title: Investigation of the impacts of vegetation distribution and evaporative cooling on synthetic urban daytime climate using a coupled LES-LSM model
    Authors: Huang, Hsin-Yuan;Margulis, Steven A.;Chu, Chia Ren;Tsai, Hsiao-Chung
    Keywords: land-atmosphere interaction;heat island effect;surface scale heterogeneity;coupled model
    Date: 2011-05-15
    Issue Date: 2016-01-06 11:27:54 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: Local flow properties and regional weather or climate are strongly affected by land-atmosphere interactions of momentum and scalars within the daytime convective boundary layer (CBL). In this study, we investigate the impact of green space scale on the daytime atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) over a synthetic urban domain using a recently developed large-eddy simulation-land surface model (LES–LSM) framework. With the use of realistic soundings as initial conditions, a series of numerical experiments over synthetic urban surfaces with varied scale of vegetated area is performed. Simulated micrometeorological properties, surface fluxes, basic CBL characteristics, and cloud distribution are analysed. The results show reference-level air potential temperature and specific humidity as well as surface fluxes over green space are significantly affected by the scale of green space in the urban domain. The surface organization due to vegetated area scale also has impacts on horizontally averaged scalar and momentum profiles; however, the magnitude in this study is smaller than the results of a previous study using a set of offline surface fluxes as the lower boundary condition for LES. In addition, even though this study only performs a daytime diurnal cycle, the impact of green space scale on cloud distribution in simulations is significant. The cases with more organized green space yield lower-elevated cumulus cloud and larger-cloud cover fraction, which impacts the energy budget at the top of boundary layer and, in turn, could lead to additional surface cooling with respect to longer-term weather and climate. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Relation: Hydrological Processes 25(10), pp. 1574–1586
    DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7919
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute & Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering] Journal Article

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