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    Title: Localization and recurrence of a quantum walk in a periodic potential on a line
    Authors: Chou, Chung-I;Ho, Choon-Lin
    Keywords: quantum walk;periodic potential;localization;recurrence
    Date: 2014-11-01
    Issue Date: 2016-01-06 11:04:23 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: We present a numerical study of a model of quantum walk in a periodic potential on a line. We take the simple view that different potentials have different affects on the way in which the coin state of the walker is changed. For simplicity and definiteness, we assume that the walker's coin state is unaffected at sites without the potential, and rotated in an unbiased way according to the Hadamard matrix at sites with the potential. This is the simplest and most natural model of a quantum walk in a periodic potential with two coins. Six generic cases of such quantum walks are studied numerically. It is found that, of the six cases, four cases display significant localization effect where the walker is confined in the neighborhood of the origin for a sufficiently long time. Associated with such a localization effect is the recurrence of the probability of the walker returning to the neighborhood of the origin.
    Relation: Chinese Physics B 23(11), 110302
    DOI: 10.1088/1674-1056/23/11/110302
    Appears in Collections:[物理學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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