The main purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of the 2012 university tuition fees policy reform on the equity of higher education opportunity in the United Kingdom. This paper is divided into six sections. The first section is an introduction to the 2012 university tuition fees policy reform, including its evolution. After presenting the purposes and the research methods of this study in sections two and three respectively, the paper analyzes the 2012 university tuition fees policy reform in section four. The fifth section investigates the impact of the 2012 university tuition fees policies on the equity of higher education opportunity in the U.K., based on the findings via literature review, document analysis, and interviews. A brief conclusion and several related suggestions are made in the final section. It should be noted that as the UK central government has given certain powers to devolved governments since 1999, and since the most recent reform of university tuition fees was initiated mainly by the government of England, the discussion of policy reforms of tuition fees in this paper pertains mainly to the country of England, unless otherwise indicated.