In Taiwan, due to unfavorable geological formation and other constraints, the financial and environmental costs of developing new large-scale water storage reservoirs have become prohibitive. Therefore, water resources management will need to rely on demand management and the reduction of water leakage in order to meet future water needs.
At the taps or end points of the water distribution, accurate metering of and instant reporting of water use would enable water utilities to adjust water delivery in accordance with short-term fluctuations in demand. Such would prevent excessive water pressure in the distribution networks and thus reduce water leakage. At the same time, when water users can monitor their water usage and accruement in water usage fees in real time, there are greater incentives for them to reduce water wastage and increase water use efficiency. In addition, real-time monitoring of water flow at different points of the distribution networks would allow water utilities to quickly find sites of water leakage and focus maintenance activities there, and thus increase the cost-effectiveness of leakage control. For the above reasons, countries such as the Israel, the United States, and the Democratic Republic of China have all begun to promote smart water metering technology.
This main objective of this project is to introduce and promote appropriate smart water metering technologies in Taiwan. The project is to first research the related projects and technologies that have been developed in Europe, United States, and Japan for potential applications in Taiwan, and then organize an exhibition where the manufactures are invited to show-case their smart water metering products to the public utilities and researchers in Taiwan. Following the exhibition, the feasibility of introducing a particular product would be assessed through field testing at various locations, and thereafter a survey of the users’ satisfaction with the particular product would be conducted. A promotional strategy for new smart metering technologies would then be drawn based on the field testing results, the users’ satisfaction survey, as well as on a extensive literature review of related studies that in the past have been completed in Taiwan.