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    Title: Effects of chloride, sulfate and natural organic matter (NOM) on the accumulation and release of trace-level inorganic contaminants from corroding iron
    Authors: Peng, C. Y.;J. F. Ferguson;G. V. Korshin
    Contributors: 淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系
    Keywords: Chloride;Sulfate;Natural organic matter;Corrosion;Iron;Heavy metal;Contaminants;Accumulation;Release
    Date: 2013-09-01
    Issue Date: 2015-05-15 00:25:05 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: London: I W A Publishing
    Abstract: This study examined effects of varying levels of anions (chloride and sulfate) and natural organic matter (NOM) on iron release from and accumulation of inorganic contaminants in corrosion scales formed on iron coupons exposed to drinking water. Changes of concentrations of sulfate and chloride were observed to affect iron release and, in lesser extent, the retention of representative inorganic contaminants (vanadium, chromium, nickel, copper, zinc, arsenic, cadmium, lead and uranium); but, effects of NOM were more pronounced. DOC concentration of 1 mg/L caused iron release to increase, with average soluble and total iron concentrations being four and two times, respectively, higher than those in the absence of NOM. In the presence of NOM, the retention of inorganic contaminants by corrosion scales was reduced. This was especially prominent for lead, vanadium, chromium and copper whose retention by the scales decreased from >80% in the absence of NOM to <30% in its presence. Some of the contaminants, notably copper, chromium, zinc and nickel retained on the surface of iron coupons in the presence of DOC largely retained their mobility and were released readily when ambient water chemistry changed. Vanadium, arsenic, cadmium, lead and uranium retained by the scales were largely unsusceptible to changes of NOM and chloride levels. Modeling indicated that the observed effects were associated with the formation of metal–NOM complexes and effects of NOM on the sorption of the inorganic contaminants on solid phases that are typical for iron corrosion in drinking water.
    Relation: Water Research 47(14), pp.5257-5267
    DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.06.004
    Appears in Collections:[水資源及環境工程學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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