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|Other Titles: ||Analysis on Withdrawal from the EU Empowered by the Lisbon Treaty|
|Keywords: ||里斯本條約;歐盟條約第 50 條修正案;新現實主義;單一個案研究;歐盟會籍退會;Treaty of Lisbon;Amendment of Article 50 TEU;Neo-realism;Single Case Research Design;Withdrawal of EU membership|
|Issue Date: ||2015-05-13 09:50:50 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||歐盟自通過里斯本條約後，不僅重新修正歐盟多項基本共同政策之外，亦針對歐盟會籍議題做出重大變革—准許歐盟會員國提出退會申請，這項重大決議讓歐盟當前「只進不出」的堅實同盟之誓言將成為歷史；此次歐盟會員國針對歐盟條約（TEU） 第五十條提出修正案，並陸續成功增取會員國的支持，而此修正案將會影響未來歐盟發展的前景，勢必影響歐洲國際政經局勢的發展。
According to Article 50 TEU (Treaty of European Union) amended by Lisbon Treaty, member states of European Union are granted right to leave this international organisation, and the moment and change is being watching. Since Article “Withdrawal” being approved, except United Kingdom, no member states have the campaign to leave EU. Nevertheless, the European political situation has changed and no one can predict that all the EU countries will be together forever.
Having said that, Lisbon Treaty coexists “Opt in and out” Open Door Policy, and it is doubted whether EU is constrained or loose regime? This paper consists of those parts to study the potential and future political development and situation of European Union— the procedure of access to and withdrawal from EU in context of Lisbon Treaty, and what impact comes up to international politics when the withdrawal of EU member state is in process. This paper is designed to employ Neorealism to analyse the issues of EU’s access and withdrawal, and to apply Single Case Research Design to launch the research.
The contribution of the paper mentions the EU’s world position and European politics if one member leaves the Union, and it would bring the domino effect to affect others to withdrawal as well. The paper discovers that some EU member states would plan to leave the Union before the Treaty of Lisbon enforcement by reason of national interest maladministration or unfair allocation, and even though one EU member state leave the Union, it still has the right and opportunity to cooperate with the Union.
However, the former member cannot enjoy membership right, but it does not serve the EU obligations. The paper concludes that the withdrawal of the EU may not hurt former states’ interest and continue multiple cooperation with EU, but the EU’s world position and international peace and security will drop into the dilemma, and it will not benefit the EU in final.
|Relation: ||淡江國際與區域研究 2(1)，頁41-67|
|Appears in Collections:||[外交與國際關係學系全英語學士班] 期刊論文|
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