俄國社會在蘇聯的崩解以後面對的其中一個最複雜的問題就是歷史文化認 同的問題。換句話說，包括政治菁英在內的俄國人民，到現在還迷失在東西爭論 的議題中，繼續依這文化歷史分裂來討論他們的未來。這個爭議也帶進外交政策 不同的學派。兩個主要的爭議：一個是在國際舞臺上與西方合作的「西方派」； 另一派則是在政治上反對西方的「歐亞派」。第一個後共產主義的十年，俄國對 外政策由親西方到反西方。這份研究中，將顯示在普丁時期，國家對外政策的規 則的也有相似的週期。而這些週期變動機制和俄國的對外政策的當前階段，在西 方派與歐亞派之間有哪些「平衡」的特點，是研究的焦點。 one of the most complicated problems which Russian society faced after the disintegration of the USSR was the issue of cultural-historical identity. In other words, Russian people including political elites up to now are lost in the controversy of the West-East opposition and continue to discuss their future in terms of this cultural-historical division. Being translated in to foreign policy actions, this contradiction brought to life different schools in foreign policy. The two main of them are: “Westernizers” who call for close cooperation with the West in the international arena and their adversaries from the “Eurasian” camp who stand for the creation of the anti-Western block in world politics. The first decade of post-communist Russia was characterized by the cyclical change of foreign policy orientations – from “pro-Western” to “anti-Western” course. As I will show in the paper, during the period of Putin’s rule foreign policy of the country experienced similar fluctuations. Mechanisms of these cyclical changes and the current stage of the foreign policy of Russia, which is characterized by a certain “balance” between Western and Eastern directions, will be in the focus of research.