We analyzed only the last presidential terms. It explains why the topic is chosen , the dimension to it, the hypothesis , the overall objective , the theoretical framework , in relation to the realist theory of international relations , the historical background and major issues , the debate in Guatemala on relations with China and the Republic of China, Taiwan, background, major players in the debate ( political groups and groups of influence ) , the positions , the answer to the questions : What positions have occurred in Guatemala on relations with China and Taiwan? ? Which groups are behind these positions and what are their interests? Relations between Guatemala and China with the background, institutional channels ( office chamber of commerce ... ) , commercial, investment , humanitarian aid and development cooperation, assessment of relationships ; Guatemala benefits of maintaining relationships with Taiwan , 2 examples as background, political benefits , cultural , social, commercial and investment benefits , benefits in humanitarian aid and international cooperation , and finally the conclusions.