事實上，最明顯的問題是在厄瓜多爾發現到，可應用到厄國現狀一連串的政策和作法，這也清楚明白，大多數發展中國家政策執行失敗，就是由於缺乏制度化，正如阿西莫格魯和羅賓森（Acemoglu & Robinson，2012）所強調一樣，制度薄弱和“抽離”，也就是“排他性”。事實上，台灣的競爭力成功，都在於其創造激勵人民儲蓄、投資、教育、創新及獲取新的技術的能力，而這些都是競爭發展真正的基礎。
Taiwan, with an approximate extension of 36.193 Km2, within 50 years, from a labor intensive to a technology and knowledge-based model, it has achieved a real transformation of its economy. Moreover, it has achieved to be recognized not only by the quality of its products, but also as one of the most attractive countries for investments. For this reason, it has got to be between the 15 most competitive countries on the world.
Meanwhile, Ecuador, although it has came to define policies aimed to change production patterns, in practice, it has failed to achieve the desired changes and the exploitation of natural resources model has been perpetuated over time. Based on this premise, Ecuador, through the Vice-President and other public bodies, is in a process to define a set of policies and strategies that lead to a real change within productive patterns.
In this sense, considering the period in which Taiwan experienced the biggest changes within its productive structures (1980 – 2000); understanding the role of State within economic development and the competitiveness concept and its determinants, and as a result of the historic and successful case analysis within specific industries; it has been achieved a mayor comprehension of the successful experience of Taiwan, which also has allowed to identify public management lessons and experiences which may be contextualized and applied in Ecuador.
In fact, among the most relevant aspects to be highlighted, is that beyond finding a long list of policies and instruments that could be applied to the Ecuador’s reality, it has been understood that the implementation policies’ failure in most developing countries is due to the lack of institutions, or as Acemoglu & Robinson emphasizes (2012), weak and "extractive" institutions, that is, exclusive ones.
Indeed, the competitive success of Taiwan, is in its ability to create incentives that motivated people to save, invest, educate, innovate and access new technologies, all these the true base of its competitive development.
Ecuador, as mentioned herein, has a historical opportunity, after having experienced long periods of economic and political instability; it is now when it can start to encourage a shift to build "inclusive" institutions with the capacity to coordinate and manage the true path to development. The decision must be already taken!