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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/102851

    Title: Effect of Renal Function Impairment on the Mortality of Cirrhotic Patients With Hepatic Encephalopathy: A Population-Based 3-Year Follow-Up Study
    Authors: Hung, Tsung-Hsing;Tseng, Chih-Wei;Tseng, Kuo-Chih;Hsieh, Yu-Hsi;Tsai, Chih-Chun;Tsai, Chen-Chi
    Contributors: 淡江大學數學學系
    Date: 2014-09-01
    Issue Date: 2015-05-06 22:32:20 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: Mumbai: Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd.
    Abstract: Kidney is an important organ to clear neurotoxic substance in circulation. However, it is still unknown about the effect of renal function impairment (RFI) on the mortality of cirrhotic patients with hepatic encephalopathy (HE). We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database to identify 4932 cirrhotic patients with HE, hospitalized between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2007. The enrolled patients were followed up individually for 3 years to identify their 3-year mortalities. There were 411 (8.3%) patients with RFI and 4521 (91.7%) patients without RFI. The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of RFI for 3-year mortality was 2.03 (95% CI, 1.82–2.27). In RFI group, there were 157 (38.2%) patients with acute renal failure (ARF), 61 (14.8%) with hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), 93 (22.6%) with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and 100 (24.3%) with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Compared with the non-RFI group, the adjusted HR of ARF for 3-year mortality was 2.57 (95% CI, 2.17–3.06), CKD 1.93 (95% CI, 1.55–2.40), ESRD 1.26 (95% CI, 1.01–1.57), and HRS 3.58 (95% CI, 2.78–4.63). Among ESRD patients, there were 99 patients receiving hemodialysis regularly. Compared with the CKD group, the adjusted HR of ESRD with hemodialysis for 3-year mortality was 0.664 (95% CI, 0.466–0.945). RFI increased the 3-year mortality of cirrhotic patients with HE, especially ARF and HRS. HE patients with ESRD receiving hemodialysis had better 3-year survival rate than those with CKD.
    Relation: Medicine 93(14), pp.e79
    DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000000079.
    Appears in Collections:[數學學系暨研究所] 期刊論文

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