Taiwan is a small tropical island surrounded by sea, and lacks natural resources. Taiwan’s primary source of energy is dependent upon imports, and the latest debate is the concern of utilizing a fourth nuclear reactor. With the recent disaster of Fukushima’s nuclear power plant, it is normal for the people in Taiwan to be fearful for it’s negative consequences, and the majority have rallied or pretest against the use of nuclear energy.
For this reason, Taiwan is looking into new energy trends with all it’s pros and cons, and compare them with the current electricity cost, profit and how much is charged to if there’s an opportunity to pursue such new technology. However, with the lack of resources from the government, it is critical to begin this phase by understanding how the people in Taiwan can save energy immediately. With this accomplished, we can satisfy some needs in Taiwan that also agrees with environmental friendly ideas. Despite the fact that we are at a disadvantage to develop energy sources, we should still continue to pursue the goal f becoming more self-efficient for long-term development.
The purpose of this study is to review the performance of previous energy policies and propose to the government to focus on the following three important areas: current structure of energy production, change in demand for the supply of energy, and the relationships between the development and trends of future energy sources.
This study discovered that the primary energy source in Taiwan is thermal power, followed by nuclear, wind and solar power as complementary. For thermal power, natural gas and coal is needed as fuel, and Taiwan is heavily dependent on importing these goods. As these goods are becoming more sacred, the price is on the rise. Therefore, the price of common electricity bills will increase as well, and cause heavy burdens for the citizens of Taiwan. Ideally, the government needs to work on its energy policies with power companies to find a balance between price and what is supplied on the market without affecting our current living conditions.
This study uses previous research studies, situational analysis and questionnaires to evaluate the balance on energy’s supply and demand, and explore the possibility of saving more energy with Taiwan’s current policies. A possible solution is to use incentives to reduce the basic user fee per degree, and have penalties for those that use electricity too much. Satisfy the needs in Taiwan, and at the same time, achieve to not waste additional energy.