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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/102542

    Title: Fast convergecast for low-duty-cycled multi-channel wireless sensor networks
    Other Titles: 用於低功耗多頻道無線感測網路之快速資料收集演算法
    Authors: 李奕勳;Lee, Yi-Hsun
    Contributors: 淡江大學資訊工程學系碩士班
    潘孟鉉;Pan, Meng-Shiuan
    Keywords: 資料收集;圖論;多頻道;排程;無線感測網路;Convergecast;Graph Theory;multichannel;scheduling;Wireless sensor network
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-05-04 09:58:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 資料收集是在許多無線感測器網絡應用中的基礎工作。為了節省感測器之電量,許多先前的無線感測器網路的研究討論如何排程傳輸連結上之節點睡醒時機(或稱時槽)。為了節省資料延遲,傳輸連結所使用之時槽必須小心的指派。近年來,多頻道的概念被提出可應用於指派時槽的方法中。當網絡中有多個可用頻道時,可使得傳輸對之間的干擾可被消除,因此亦可更進一步地降低資料回報延遲。在本篇論文中,我們將上述的場景定義為一最小延遲排程問題(minimal delay scheduling problem),並證明此問題為一 NP-complete問題,我們提出了一個包含三階段的演算法。在前兩階段中,我們的目標是盡可能減少資料回報之延遲,我們透過觀察網絡拓樸及各種不同的指派策略之方式來設計我們的演算法。而在第三階段中,我們的目標是消除傳輸連接間的干擾,並仔細調整前一階段所指派之時槽。透過模擬和實作結果,我們發現我們所設計之演算法能有效地降低多頻道無線感測器網絡之資料收集延遲。
    Convergecast is a fundamental operation in many wireless sensor network (WSN) applications. To conserve energy, many previous WSN protocols discuss to periodically schedule active timings (or say slots) of transmission links in the network. When collecting data, the slots should be carefully assigned to conserve latency. Recently, the multichannel concept is utilized to facilitate slot assignment. When the network has multiple channels, the convergecast latency can be further reduced since the interferences between transmission links can be eliminated .In this work, we model the above scenario as a minimal delay scheduling (MDS) problem, and prove it as an NP-complete problem. We propose a heuristic algorithm, which contains three phases. In the first two phases, we aim to minimize the report latency as possible as we can. Our designs are based on several observations on the shape of the network and on the assignment strategies. Then, in the third phase, we aim to eliminate interferences between links, and carefully adjust some slots if necessary. Simulation and implementation results indicate that the proposed scheme can effectively reduce the convergecast latency in WSNs with multiple channels.
    Appears in Collections:[資訊工程學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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