|其他題名: ||Micro-farming in urban housing|
|作者: ||鄭筱微;Cheng, Hsiao-Wei|
|關鍵詞: ||微型農園;魚菜共生;集合住宅;步登公寓;micro-farming;aquaponics;housing;walk-up apartment|
|上傳時間: ||2015-05-04 09:57:09 (UTC+8)|
|摘要: ||當人口日漸往都市移動居住，都市中的糧食問題勢必會帶來環境的衝擊。都市人們所吃的食物皆由市郊或鄉村生產，隨著都市範圍不斷擴大，運送食物的里程不斷增加，交通運輸、包裝冷藏，乃至家中冷藏設備，看似理所當然的「成本」，是我們付出的代價。隨著農業技術的新發展(水耕、魚菜共生) ，成為將農業帶入垂直化的都市空間中的新契機。|
As more people have been increasingly moving to cities , food problems in such cities are bound to have an environmental impact. Cities entirely rely on suburban or rural areas as their food producers and providers. With the expanding boundaries of the cities and the concomitant increase in the distances of food delivery, transportation, packaging and refrigerating, and household refrigeration facilities—all the costs that seem like a matter of course—are the costs that we must pay. However, the new development of agricultural technology, such as hydroponics and aquaponic systems,” brings forth a new opportunity to lead agriculture into the vertical urban space.
In the 1960s, due to urban development after World War II, Taiwan built up a large number of collective housing, i.e., walk-up apartments. Now these 40- or 50-year-old apartments are considered aged and in need of renewal. While the most usual way to renew an old building is to simply tear it down and construct a new high-rise building at the original site, this approach of renewal would cause a loss in the alley culture and urban imagery that are unique to Taiwan. Therefore, by reconsidering the concrete jungle where we live, the study provides a picture of creating a new urban landscape with a balance between production and residence by integrating mini-farms into vertical living spaces.
On the basis of literature review and case studies, first, how urban and vertical farms are integrated into the building system and used to improve the living environment and spatial aura is investigated. Moreover, a lifestyle symbiotic with nature, which can be constructed by simultaneously practicing the agricultural technologies of both soil tillage (permaculture) and aquaponic system, is proposed. The excrement of fish can be used as nutrition for plants; a practice that integrates the aquaponic system and the buildings’ water systems, thus making a new spatial pattern of coexisting water (blue) and plants (green) possible. In this scenario, the mode of living unit becomes developed into a group living space, which creates a residential prototype of coexisting production and living in an urban city. As to the location, finally, Wanhua District, the birthplace of the oldest streets in Taipei City, is chosen as the basis for the design and actual practice of the above-proposed plan.
As found in the research, integrating the aquaponic system into old buildings can not only provide food but also achieve an effect of mood healing through savoring the natural view of water and plants. As the structures of old buildings and the system of water and green plants interweave with each other, the region that already faced decline now regains a new opportunity of vitality and change. This research result, in other words, brings forth an expectation that the old city landscape and alley culture can be preserved at the same time, while maintaining a balance between the developments of the eastern and western districts of Taipei City.