“Civilized goverance and Martial achievements(文治武功)”is the important criteria to measure the rise and fall of the political situation in ancient China. Emperor Kangxi had reigned for 61 years, he captured Oubai(鰲拜), crackdowned the rebellion of three warlords, recovered Taiwan, defeated the Russian Tzar, conquered Mongolia, and appeased Tibet, his Martial achievements had reached the ceiling. In addition, he also valued academy, widespreaded culture, edited textbooks, promoted scholars, and faciliated the exchange of Sino-western culture, his Civilized goverance had also been unprecedented. It is obviously undoubted that the historical evaluation of Emperor Kangxi is unprecedented, no matter the comment of “ the greatest Emperor of history”or the commencement of “Kangxi-Chienlung Prosperity. In spite of this, however, “Textbook-edition”, as the indicator of “Civilized goverance”, is ambiguous. It’s concrete quantity and content is unclear, so that nobody can realize the whole picture of the “Textbook-edition”of Emperor Kangxi.
Therefore, this thesis will use the official documents of Ching Dynasty, such as “ the Palace History”, “ the Code and Example of Ching Dynasty”, and “General documents’analysis of Ching Dynasty”, to integrate the 67 kinds royal documents of Kangxi Dynasty, and clearly explain the name, volume, editogn time, editor, editing process, motivation, purpose, evaluation and version of every document. And it also try to compensate the vague area of the research of “Textbook-edition”of Emperor Kangxi.
Besides, this thesis will also focus on the “information meaning” of document itself, through the interaction relation of “Document” and “Philosophy”(to provide content via Document, and to provide direction via Philosophy), to proceed the integration and analysis, in order to clearly construct the “Bottom Building Material”. Afterwards, it will commence the philosophy meaning of Documentation by using the “Bottom Building Material”(Pre-realizing scope, Realizing explination). Thus it will broaden the research scope and width of royal documents of Kangxi Dynasty, and avoid the crisis of analysis and trifle.
The “Pre-realizing scope” of royal documents of Kangxi Dynasty mainly base on the special position of “aliens rule China” of Emperor Kangxi and his character of “Self-learning”, and push the editing motivation of royal documents. From the first step, the cultural choice of “respect scholars and value morality” to reduce the cultural differences between the Manchurian and Han people, and gain the identity of Han people. To the second step, using “Cultural rule” to crackdown the thought of scholars, to seize people and to consolidate regime. Further to the third step, during the military conquering process, to avoid steping into the wrong direction of military paranoia, he wants to mimic the ancient Philosopher Kings to pursue the prosperity and cultural rule. Meanwhile, he also attempts to induce the “Western Europe Science” to surpass the Sinology, and establish the cultural dignity of alien Emperor.
At the part of “Realizing explination” of the Philosophy meaning of Royal Documentation, this thesis attempts to proceed analysis through “Document Character” and “Document Value”. For the part of “Document Character”: First, for the content, no matter from the edition of choosing textbook, choice of staffs, instruction for content, the personal attendance of Emperor Kangxi and his editing manner, it is clear that the term of “Royal Document”, has the true meaning. Secondly, for the formality, Emperor Kangxi recruited the artists nationwide to do their best, to add his own cultural cultivation, and his insistence for perfectness, thus he print out the marvelous and unprecedented masterpieces. These masterpieces are called “Palace Version” or “Kangxi Version”, and they also set up the strong basis of the whole publishing skills of Ching Dynasty. Afterwards, no matter from content or formality, they also have the “deep and sampling”influence for the “Royal Version Textbook”. For the part of “Document Value”: First, by using the methods of “explanation” and “edition”, Emperor Kangxi re-clarified the abundent and scattered documents of the ancient China, to endow the special meaning of the contemporary era, to ease the checking of scholars, and provide the correct document information. This becomes the value of his documentation integration. Secondly, the “Royal Documentation” inherits the tradition of Chinese culture, conbimes the cultural contents of Machurian and Han people of Kangxi Dynasty, and explores the new cultural spirits of the conbinition of Han, Manchria, Mongolia, Muslims, Miaos and Yao people, and the co-existance of Sino-western Civilization. It is undoubted that the “Royal Documentation”is the representative of the contemparary “Chinese Culture”of Ching Dynasty. From the process of issuing, giving, re-printing and selling of the “Royal Documentation”, we can see the great efforts of Emperor Kangxi to promote the Chinese Culture, and we can also regard it as the value of document communications.