This study concentrated on the novellas and novels awarded by Chinese Literature Awards Committee in the 1950s in an attempt to identify the reasons for the unsuccessful literature & arts policy promulgated by ROC government after KMT lost the Chinese Civil War and moved to Taiwan. Secondly, this study examined the anti-communist literature that was created in the 1950s with the assistance provided by ROC government and KMT. Then, based on the results obtained from the researches stated above, this study examined the novellas and novels collected by Chinese Literature Awards Committee, a semi-official organization, in 1950 – 1956 with emphasis on the writers, the anti-communist literature, the challenges to the traditional code of ethics, and particularly how people expressed their feelings in that era.
This study focused on 30 novellas and novels awarded by Chinese Literature Awards Committee, using content analysis method, documentary analysis method, and thematic analysis method to examine how ROC Armed Forces’ deeds were described as well as how Chinese Communist Armed Forces’ wicked conducts were unmasked through the anti-communist literature, and using dichotomy to construct the criteria of good/evil and justice/wrongdoing for the public order. The novels described the challenges to the traditional code of ethics, such as the group thinking about men’s superiority to women, the obstructions to same-sex marriage, the dilemma faced by interracial romance, as well as the commonly accepted female chastity in relation to the real world, and then, based on the facts stated above, elaborated upon the changes of moral ideology. Finally, writers expressed their nostalgia, their expectations of Taiwan, and their animosity towards oppressors through their novels, and then, based on the topics stated above, discussed the issues related to emotions. In general, the writers expressed their viewpoints and analysis of national topics, daily lives, and linguistic transformation through their novels.
Based on the discussions stated above, this study concluded that the novellas and novels awarded by Chinese Literature Awards Committee were created as anti-communist literature based on the writers’ empathy. Many factors were involved in the awarded novellas and novels, such as the rise and fall of anti-communist thinking and political stance, elaboration of topics, the background of publication, and writers’ real lives. All factors are closely related to one another. Now, Chinese Literature Awards Committee has ceased to exist. Nonetheless, Taiwan’s literary continues moving forward towards a completely different horizon.