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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/102364

    Title: 影響政策不擴散之因素 : 以垃圾費隨袋徵收政策為例
    Other Titles: Factors affecting policy non-diffusion : a case of Per-Bag-Trash-Collection-Fee policy
    Authors: 王瓊雯;Wang, Chiung-Wen
    Contributors: 淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班
    李仲彬;Lee, Chung-Ping
    Keywords: 垃圾費;隨袋徵收;創新擴散;政策屬性認知;Garbage Fee;Per-Bag-Trash-Collection-Fee;Diffusion of Innovations;Policy Attributes
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-05-04 09:53:53 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 我國一般廢棄物(以下簡稱垃圾)處理問題在民國80年代產業經濟蓬勃發展,人口消費力激增後嶄現,尤其都會型城市面臨垃圾處理無論是衛生掩埋或焚化爐等避鄰設施興建困境與環境保護爭議衝突,不得不思考垃圾源頭管制以徹底解決垃圾量逐年成長所帶來的處理壓力與環境負擔。垃圾清除處理費以用戶付費精神制定徵收法源,初期以自來水用水量為基準的徵收方式,因用水量與垃圾量連結性倍受質疑,又缺乏垃圾減量的誘因,在臺北市於民國89年首創實施垃圾費隨袋徵收政策後,垃圾減量效果顯著,民國91年修正一般廢棄物清除處理徵收辦法後,直轄市、縣(市)主管機關對垃圾費徵收得按用水量、按戶定額及按垃圾量計算三種方式選擇。
    The problem of general waste (hereinafter referred to as garbage) management in Taiwan emerged after the booming consumer spending in the 1990s; especially metropolitan cities are facing the most serious situation since the NIMBY effect and environmental protection controversy conflict happened frequently in those areas. Consequently, they could not cope with stress and environmental burdens incurred from the year-by-year growth of waste.
    In the past few decades, Taiwan’s garbage collection methods were mostly based on tap water consumption. However, the waste amount and water consumption was unrelated and so people were lacking incentives for waste reduction. The law of Garbage Cleaning and Handling Fees were legislated in the spirit of user charge. Based on this law, Taipei City government initiated and implemented the Per-Bag-Trash-Collection-Fee Policy in 2000, leading to significant garbage reduction. The data show that the reduction rate of daily garbage clearance reached 80.34% in Taipei, with an average per capita daily garbage clearance volume drop of 0.273kg from 1.42kg , and recycled rate increased from 1.82% to 56.15%. In light of these significant results, it can be seem a good policy achieving the effect of waste reduction. The main research question of this thesis is that why this policy did not diffused to other local governments even if the significant positive effect has been proved.
    Based on literature review of the theory of innovation diffusion as well as interviews of several local government officials, this study found that policy characteristics (relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, trialability and observability) of innovation policy play important roles in the diffusion process. The compatibility of Per-Bag-Trash-Collection-Fee Policy particularly affects a larger extent compared to the other four attributes; which is compatible with the value of the existing social system. In addition, the support from the local leaders and elected representatives and the compatibility with the concept having been accepted by the society, all affect the likelihood of acceptance of this policy. Finally, this research also found that people failed to realize the difference between the Per-Bag-Trash-Collection-Fee Policy and the water-based policy due to asymmetric information, and the small needs of people in the area are all the reasons of policy non-diffusion.
    Garbage zero waste and efficient use of resources are policy objectives of all countries. Compared to other collection methods, the Per-Bag-Trash-Collection-Fee Policy is more likely to reach the extent of fair, reasonable and legitimate collections, and the economic incentives design would enhance the willingness of people to cooperate with policy. Based on the research findings, this study suggests governments, first of all, should deepen public awareness of this policy by improving environmental education. Secondly, should also review the waste disposal costs and financial impact to propose short, medium and long-term strategies for seeking effective policy for sustainable environment.
    Appears in Collections:[公共行政學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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