一個產業鏈的創建會面對新之不利的問題，因此在創建的過程中是充滿風險的。本論文採用具建構性解釋之模式匹配，探討行動者如何創建一個的產業鏈，並以一個研究機構所執行的策略為方向為研究導向，闡釋行動者對於產業鏈建構之歷程。研究問題以「如何」為導向，選定單一個案做為研究範疇，並且透過訪談資料及次級資料的蒐集，探討工業技術研究院從2007年開始至2014年5月初間如何創建三維晶片產業鏈，並且分析在創建歷程中於四種階段所採取之策略。本研究根據Aldrich and Fiol（1994）所提出的四個層級之策略作為分析基礎，闡釋行動者在產業鏈創建中所採取之活動。最後，透過結論可解釋三維晶片產業的發展仍處於產業萌芽階段，然而在洞見與實務意涵下可發現三維晶片產業鏈創建會有瀕臨失敗的可能，未來可延伸本研究並持續討論三維晶片產業鏈之發展動向。 Creating an industry chain will face liabilities of newness therefore the process of creation is full of risks. The study proposes to examine the method of pattern matching with constructive interpretation as to explore the ways for actors building an industry chain. In our study, for the purpose of creating an industry chain, we particularly focus on an institutional research in the implementation of strategies. We conduct a single case study with the use of interviews and secondary data, as to explore the promotion of 3D IC industry by the Industrial Technology Research Institute which has done from 2007 to early May 2014. In this study, four levels are based on the strategies of Aldrich and Fiol (1994) proposed as a basis for analysis in order to explain what institutional activities have taken place by actors at the industry chain creating process. Finally, as interpreted through the conclusion of the 3D IC industry still remains in embryonic stage. Insights and practical implications can be found that created a 3D IC industry chain may be on the verge of failure, we suggest that this study can be extended in the future and continue to discuss the development of the industry chain of 3D IC.