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    題名: 創新行為量表之驗證與比較 : 以倡導者、管理者以及創業家為例
    其他題名: The verification and comparison of innovative behavior scale : a study of promoter, manager, and entrepreneur
    作者: 李佩紋;Lee, Pei-Wen
    貢獻者: 淡江大學管理科學學系碩士班
    牛涵錚;Niu, Han-Jen
    關鍵詞: 創造力;創新行為;科學素養;偶然力;自我實現;量表;Creativity;innovative behavior;Science Literacy;Serendipity;Self-Actualization;Scale
    日期: 2014
    上傳時間: 2015-05-04 09:50:01 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 隨著知識經濟的發展,面對今日這瞬息萬變的環境,創新已經是企業維持競爭優勢的必要條件,企業為求持續創新,必須投入大量的人力和資源在組織上,為了幫助企業能夠更快速、更簡單地找到具有創新思維的員工,進而提升企業的競爭能力,故本研究試圖透過驗證楊勝欽(2010)以科學素養層面所發展的創新行為量表,以及梁美華(2011)以偶然力層面所發展的創新行為量表,進一步縮減量表題項,期許能為企業找到具有創新思維之員工,提供一項有效及方便的衡量工具。
    本研究首先回顧相關文獻資料,並驗證量表與樣本之合宜性,進而透過量表縮減程序,進一步簡化量表題項。本研究以倡導者、管理者以及創業家做為研究對象,透過紙本與網路的方式發放量表,有效回收樣本為780份。
    根據信度分析可發現,構面之Cronbach’s α值皆在0.7以上,表示量表具有良好的信度。為了驗證量表因素結構,以及量表架構與樣本之合宜性,故利用驗證性因素分析加以驗證。研究結果顯示,量表之整體適配度良好。接著進行量表題項縮減,經由刪減後,以科學素養層面之量表由原本的50題縮減至32題,以偶然力層面之量表由原本的57題縮減至38題。透過信度分析、效度分析與模型配適度指標評估等驗證,結果發現,本研究之縮減量表的整體配適度良好。本研究發放量表時,同時施以Schneider & Alderfer(1973)所發展之自我實現量表,發現受測結果有顯著相關,故本量表具有良好的效標關聯效度。此外,本研究比較倡導者、管理者及創業家之差異性,發現創業家與管理者的得分上較高,顯示創業家與管理者擁有較多的創業與管理經驗,因此也會有越高的得分,證明了本縮減量表確實可為企業所用,是一份有效的衡量工具。
    In this rapidly changing era, innovation is necessary for the enterprises holding the competition. Lots of manpower and resources would be put in the organization to sustained innovation. In order to help companies to more quickly and easily find employees with innovative thinking, this study would provide an effective and convenient measurement scale. This scale would refer two scales and reduce the questions of scales, one was developed by Yang (2010),the other one is developed by Liang(2011).
    This study will review the literature and verify the reasonableness of scale and samples, and simplify the questions of scale through the scale reduction program. Advocates, managers and entrepreneurs are the research object, scale is in paper and internet distribution. This study recovered 780 valid samples.
    According to reliability analysis, Cronbach''s α value of were above 0.7, which means that the scale has good reliability. In order to verify the appropriate of factor structure and the sample, use the analysis of confirmatory factor to verify. The results show that the overall scale was a good fit. Followed by questions of reduced scale through the deletion to the level of scientific literacy scale reduced from the original 50 questions to 32 questions, with occasional power levels of scale reduced from the original 57 questions to 38 questions. Through reliability analysis, validity analysis and goodness of fit index found that simplified scale of this study with moderately good overall. Compare the simplified scale of this study and Schneider & Alderfer (1973) of self-realization scale, the results can be found significantly related, so the scale has good criterion-related validity. In addition, the study compared the differences of the advocates, managers and entrepreneurs and found that the entrepreneurs and managers scored higher which showing the entrepreneurs and managers have more entrepreneurial and management experience. Thus it can prove that the scale is a valid measurement tools for the enterprise.
    顯示於類別:[管理科學學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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