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    Title: 以第一原理研究數層氮化硼薄膜晶格振動之應力效應
    Other Titles: Strain effects on lattice dynamics of few-atomic-layer boron nitride sheets : first-principles study
    Authors: 姜勇緯;Jiang, Yong-Wei
    Contributors: 淡江大學物理學系碩士班
    薛宏中;Hsueh, Hung-Chung
    Keywords: 石墨烯;氮化硼;密度泛函微擾理論;拉曼光譜;Raman intensity;bandstructure;phonon;stress;vibration mode;Boron-Nitride;Graphene;hetero-structure;Hexagonal;ABINIT
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-05-04 09:47:50 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 石墨烯被認為是令人振奮的新興二維材料科學基礎,但其零能隙的特性,侷限了在奈米光電元件上的應用。類似石墨烯的六角晶格層狀材料:單層氮化硼(BN),成功地被合成介電或基板材料,成為以石墨烯為基礎的電子元件。更進一步,由兩層類石墨烯原子厚度,組成凡德瓦力複合層狀結構,可以在設計新穎元件上,延伸出更廣泛的應用
    在本篇論文中,我們以第一原理密度泛函微擾理論,對少層氮化硼以及氮化硼與石墨烯的兩層複合材料,進行電子結構與振動特性研究。由於層狀結構具有高度的各向異性,我們也探索了氮化硼的少層及複合層結構,在平面應力效應下,對其電子能帶結構及拉曼光譜的影響。實際上計算的結果與最新實驗的量測相當吻合。
    Graphene is considered the foundation of exciting new science in two-dimensional layered materials. However, the zero-band-gap properties limit its applications in building nano-optoelectronic devices. Recently, monolayer hexagonal boron nitride (BN), a layered material similar to graphene, has been synthesized successfully as a two-dimensional dielectric or substrate material for graphene based electronics. Further van der Waals heterostructures, composed of various isolated graphene-like atomic layers, extend a wide range of novel device designs.
    In this thesis, we study the electronic and vibrational properties of few-layer BN sheets and hetero-bilayer of BN and graphene by using density functional perturbation theory. According to the highly anisotropic character of these layered materials, we also investigate the biaxial stress effects on electronic band structures and Raman spectra of few-layer and hetero-bilayer BN nano sheets. Indeed, our calculating results are in good agreement with very recent experimental observation.
    Appears in Collections:[物理學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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