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    Title: 外人直接投資對所得分配不均的影響
    Other Titles: The impact of FDI on income inequality
    Authors: 李庭逸;Lee, Ting-Yi
    Contributors: 淡江大學產業經濟學系碩士班
    林佩蒨;Lin, Pei-Chien
    Keywords: 所得分配不均;外人直接投資;混合組群平均數;人力資本;Income inequality;FDI;PMG;Human capital
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-05-04 09:44:20 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 隨著全球化過程,外人直接投資對於所得分配不均的影響對於人民是一個重要的議題,為探討此一議題,本研究使用國家別的年資料,國家總共44國,取用的時間涵蓋1981年至2010年,共計30年。使用混合組群平均數(Pooled Mean Group)估計式並且將樣本分為總樣本國家、已開發樣本國家以及開發中共三種樣本去估計外人直接投資對所得分配不均的影響效果,以下為實證結果的重點摘要:

    1.在總樣本國家的情況下,無論是對內、對外外人直接投資,於實證模型中對於所得分配不均皆存在顯著加劇的影響效果。

    2.在已開發國家的樣本下,對內外人直接投資增加會有加劇所得分配不均的效果,對外外人直接投資的增加會有減緩所得分配不均的效果;在開發中樣本國家的樣本下則出現相反的結果,對內外人直接投資的增加會有減緩所得分配不均的效果,對外外人直接投資的增加則會有加劇所得分配不均的效果。

    3.加入人力資本的交乘項後,外人直接投資於總樣本國家以及已開發樣本國家當中增加的同時,適當的增加就學年數則有助於減緩外人直接投資對於所得分配不均所造成的負面影響;而在開發中國家樣本,人力資本的增加並沒有顯著影響外人直接投資對於所得分配不均間的效果。
    With the process of globalization, the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on income inequality is an important issue for many countries. To investigate this issue, this paper uses the yearly observations of 44 countries, including 20 developed countries and 24 developing countries, over the period from 1981 to 2010. By applying the pooled mean group (PMG) estimator of Pearan, Shin, and Smith (1999) to the data, I have the following findings:

    1.In the full sample case, both inward and outward FDI significantly exacerbate income inequality.

    2.In OECD countries, inward FDI exacerbates income inequality, but outward FDI reduce income inequality. In Non-OECD countries, inward FDI reduces income inequality, yet outward FDI exacerbates income inequality.

    3.In the full sample and OECD countries, more educational attainment helps to reduce the effect of FDI on worsening income inequality, but in the Non-OECD countries, more educational attainment has no role to play on affecting the FDI inequality nexus.
    Appears in Collections:[產業經濟學系暨研究所] 學位論文

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